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Everything posted by galbeedi

  1. Alpha , I could be out of the touch, but how long do we have to make excuses for people who can't do any simple reforms to make life better for the citizens. What does it take to keep streets open or develop new land for people to settle.
  2. It is really big hope. I heard there were a study many years ago, which said only 7% of immigrants go back home. I know friends who live in northern canada, over there the sun goes down 3pm and rises 10:00am in the winter. We work 10 to 14 hours a day. it is totally a new idea to go back. Thanks for the uplifting hope.
  3. Mooge, Homunculus and others thanks for the compliment. I am humbled and thank Somaliaonline for giving all of us this platform to express our thoughts.
  4. Just after half an hour in the air we landed Hargeisa. While Djibouti is a land inhabited by Somalis and others, it couldn't reflect the original Somali culture. Because of the french influence and the presence of Caffar, Arabs , Ethiopians and other cultures, some how wasn't authentic. If you really want to see the real Somali culture, you must go to the heartland. Two places where you may find is Gaalkacayo , in central Somalia and Hargeisa. While the old Somali traits of " Gabay Iyo Geesinimo" is fading in the modern times, you will not miss the other ones like : loud, pushy, arrogant, yet proud and generous. By touching down Hargeisa I felt coming home for a real. A government minister and other dignitaries welcomed us at the airport. In fact we proceeded to the VIP lounge of the airport. They took our passports and we paid the entrance visa fee. I wanted to go to the line myself, but they insisted to do it for us. It was a nice gesture , but I never liked it. I wanted to be with people. At the front gate, where our car parked, I saw the minister of aviation Mohamed Hashi. It was Friday and he was wearing " go', shaala iyo macaws" . He probably came to check what was going on. In Hargeisa , after long absence in the diaspora, the first thing you notice is the crude Somali culture. Load, pushy, arrogant , yet proud and generous. It is also very easy to converse and chat with people. We reached one of the hotels in west side of the city. Since there were not any jet lag we started intermingling with people. For me, it was very nostalgic, and home coming, especially when you have family and friend in both corners of the city. Regardless of what the political situation or the the allocations of power may cause some Awdalites to complain, I had the sense of feeling that we are integral part of the Somaliland project. I wasn't able to see any family members that day, other than converse with telephone. We called the night off and went to bed. THe Muadin , in the mosque next door , started the Fajar Edaan around three in the morning. I thought the first Daakiraad ( call for wake up) used to start around four, then the final call before the prayer. This one seemed too early and non stop from three to Fajar prayer. I thought the Muadin was probably sleeping all day and he doesn't mind keeping others awake. It has been long time since I heard Fajar EEdaan, so I may be mistaken about early call . We woke up early and prepared to leave. Hargeisa , like Addis is up early and on the move. The transit buses are already filling the roads. Small tea houses are everywhere and people are gathering around it. I came back for Hargeisa after spending ten days in Awdal region, but first, we left for Borama first thing in the morning. We did stop about an hour in Gabiley and had some refreshments. In my eyes Gabiley seemed to be shrank little bit from the days of eighties. Any way, we reached Borama by noon. If you were a former resident of the city before the collapse of the Somali state, there is one thing that you will immediately notice. if you walk around , You will notice that the last time there was a government in this city was in 1991. In Ay Dawladi Meeshaan Ugu dambaysay 1991 Ayaad Ogaanaysa. Within the original boundaries of the city, one or two more cities are built. Every park, field or playground are made way for houses. Major streets crossing throughout the city are literally blocked. I am not talking about people making the streets narrow by setting up houses. I am talking about people setting their shops, homes and businesses in the middle of the street. Bal ka waran gurigaaga hortiisa oo wadadii maraysay qof suuq ka samaysto. Every stands were transit trucks or buses to Djibouti and Hargeisa used to wait for passengers are occupied. Except one or two, every major road in the city is totally blocked. Park ranger areas, Beerta xoriyada were kids use to play are occupied. When I asked people how could this happen?, they said every mayor that came sold these public places and parks , and never even bathered to clear the streets from squateres. I Remember Allah ha u naxariistee, C/laahi yusuf's during his reign in Puntland he bulldozed squatters with armored carriers to clear streets. THe mayor does nothing other than just sell public land. The issue of mayors selling public land and the disputes it creates are familiar vevey where in Somaliland. Another major issue is, when you go in the outskirt of the city , just like the old time, the so called " cashuur qaade" is waiting the poor lady who brought A gallon or two milk to market. these are among the poorest of rural people who should be left alone. The shop owner or the restaurant may pay some money by end of the year, but these people are targeted. A day or so after we met the mayor. We booked for 9:00am. we kept waiting and finally he showed up around 10:30am. A two dozen people are waiting for grievances about land disputes and other issues. He told us to sit, watch and learn. Wax baanu naqaanaa baad tidhahdiin sow ma ahan, daawada sida aan wax u kala dabarno" We said go ahead by all means. Hopeless people cried for waiting a judgment for long time about their "jago' and other residential boundary issues. He dismissed all either by false promise, or instructing a uniformed police to look the issue , and by noon he was out. There are no, city manager, road maintenance, garbage collection department or any thing that works without the mayor. All they do is sell the land whether it is a street or park and pocket the proceeds. Welcome to the 21st century mayors of Somaliland. After seeing the incompetent and corrupt mayor ( by the way he wasn't the only mayor who is responsible for this mess), the next day , we met the Governor. The Governor was a former felon who was accused of a murder. Annalena Tonelli was an Italian activist and lawyer who set up hospitals in east Africa foe over thirty years. In the nineties, she established a hospital for Tuberculosis, Aids and other diseases in Borama. Her family and friends in Italy helped her finance the hospital by contributing $20.000 a month. She was one of the most beloved volunteer to work in the region. In October 2003 she was assassinated inside the hospital. Four men were arrested for her murder. The Governor was among those accused of the crime. he was arrested, and He spent many years in Madhera jail, but was finally released after some of the witnesses could not come forward. After Siilaanyo become president he appointed him the Governor of Awdal. In fact soon after Siilaanyo took over as a president he appointed to public office for every one that had any beef with Rayaale. He appointed Mohamed Hashi and Gaboose , to guys arrested by Rayaale for creating illegal forth party, minister of finance and interior respectively. He appointed minister former unemployed guy, by the name of Ina Geeljire, who owned Mijilis in Ottawa, Canada and wrote " afaray" every week to insult rayaale. Any way, finally he fired all of those who attacked rayaale and replaced with them with Rayaale loyalists. The biggest surprise among these government representatives in Awdal were either corrupt, incompetent, or out right criminals. some times it seems the worst among the people are joining or becoming part of the government. The most competent hard working and men of honor were either in the private sector, involved in the NGO's or unemployed. A system that attracts the worst among society will not survive too long or will ebede growth. will leave there, next...........
  5. By the way it never meant to be academic.
  6. Look I never put down the businessman who made his money. Whether he is Dahabshiil or Telesome or any other Djibouti businessman, I have no beef with them. What bugs me is a guy who becomes filthy rich by being in the government. What I meant is by pursuing legitimate means and honest living, I resent them. You remember the saying that " hebel meel fiican oo dhacdhac leh ayuu joogaa oo guri fiican buu dhistay" that statement is praising the crook. gooni, maxaad tiri duuliyaha ha fiirin ee meesha daran ee uu u socdo eeg. Saaxiibadaa makugu raacsan yihiin in meel daran uu u socdo.
  7. I was traveling with a group of very important people. People who are usually involved with local developments, like Hospitals, roads, education and so on. They had connections with both the political and the business elite of Djibouti and Somaliland. I have close relatives in the city, but, because of the company I was keeping, I had to stay in a Hotel. The Hotel is called Cite Placel. It was owned by the former Prime Minister of Djibouti during the colonial era, Ali Carif Burhan.. He is still energetic and healthy. As I was introduced, he asked me where I was from, and told him. He said, If you guys ignored the so called Somaliweyn bandwagon in late sixties and early seventies, your lot could have been better today. I told him, how it was a tough call to abandon Somaliweyn at the time and join the French Colonial segment who were running the land or were prepared to take over. The wind of Somali nationalism was so strong at the time, there were no second thought to confront the French. Actually one of my uncles, and two of his young associates from ( Jabhada Xoreynta Djibouti) were condemned to death penalty and life sentence respectively in 1967. They were accused of Kidnapping Ali Arif Burhan himself. His name was Dr. Omar Cisman Rabbe ( may Allah have a mercy on his soul). he passed away in 2013. Furthermore, other than AAdan Rooble CAwaale. none of the members of the Jabhadii Xoreynta Djibouti has ever held A prominent position in Djibouti. While the military government of Somalia helped train their army, just before the declaration of independence in 1977, Siad Barre reached some kind of a secret deal with France and arrested the members of the Jabhada who were present in Mogadishu, including Dr. Raabe. The rest of the leadership, including the chairman Janaale, were shot dead in Lawyacado while crossing to Djibouti days before independence. The power was given to those who were favoring the indefinite presence of France. Back to my Journey. IN the past article I mentioned oligarchs building on top of the sea. The hundred thousand I mentioned is not the value of the house. It is the cost of covering the sea water. The house eventually costs up to $ 800,000. At the time the Community had two ministers in the government. one was Minister without out portfolio , but was responsible for the projects. the other was The Justice Minister. We met at lunch one of the ministers( I won't mention his name). It was exactly at noon. as I said before, they only work few hours. We had MUqbaasad, which is a national dish in Djibouti. I enjoyed the dish, but was rushed immediately by the minister. It is not even one o'clock yet, but he was rushing to the Mijiliska for a khat session. Almost every business or political elite that i met , except very few, they all chew Khat. The poor working class chew a Khat that sells roughly $3/sack. The elite chew what they call " Shan Kunley". It is about $35 a piece. By the way I am not a Khat chewer, but I will sit and Chew few branches once in a blue moon. In general, every Djibouti-an you meet, is trying to emulate the elite who are robbing the land. People want to have the land cruiser, the air conditioned home and all the perks that accompany the life of the rich. They are spending their days to get an access to these key holders. They know if they get the right connection, they will never look back. None of them believes that hard work will make them better. Those who made, would not want to give any thing and will do whatever it takes to keep. While dining and sitting with these elites, I never felt comfortable. " waan ku Xajiimoonayey". Those of us who live in the Diaspora , do not miss any chance to criticize or look down the moral shortcomings of the western society we live with, but, do not forget without even noticing, these societies induce us certain values which only will be felt in certain moments. Here in the west every thing you owe your house, car, money and other assets , were earned by hard work and with legitimate means. That value of meritocracy , rule of law and equal playing field, will make you feel uncomfortable with The excess of these oligarchs. Another phenomena that caught my eye was, almost all the gatekeepers of these homes were Ethiopian men. As soon as you come to the gate, an Ahmaric or Oromo man opens the door. The telephone company is a monopoly owned by the state(family). Electricity is the most expensive commodity in the world. Since their is a sun in Djibouti in 365 days a year, some families tried to install solar system equipment to get cheap electricity. It was banned by the government, and if they find in your home a huge fine will be assessed in your house. Back to Daallo Airline sitting at the tarmac. A young man with a Mogadishu accent checked our tickets. as we boarded the plane I felt a smell of urine at the back, also empty water bottles were scattered around the seats. There are no light switches or any kind button to turn on anything. Basically, it was an old military plain. I said to myself, " after 23 years of anarchy, struggle and mayhem, is this what we exchanged for the state we destroyed?. Aren't people paid enough price both in the north and south to reach at least something better than what we left behind. ONe of the things that puts your moral down is the route that I took to get here. The Ethiopian Airline that took me from Frankfurt to Addis, was a state of the artArline in its own right, and now this. I don't if you young guys have heard about the story about the late Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie. In early 1964 he brought Wajaale( daanta Ethioia) two donkeys, and he siad " Soomaali oo Dawlad Noqota waa Dameera Geesa Dhala". The great poet Barkhad Cas said " aan ooyee albaaka ii xidha". Well, I had no choice but to ride the Russian man with sandals. stay tuned for the next leg of the journey in Hargeisa. Talaabo hold on to your seat.
  8. Mr. Talaabo have thrown me already off balance, so I should thread in a fine line. I am one of those who believe the unseen ( ehlul Iimaan wal Aqeeda), so I will not lie willfully. Some times we all may write or talk in hyperbole, or trow things without fact checking, in the heat of "Rag Iska Dhici, but if I make mistake I have always stand corrected. I am not an arrogant. while I have stakes in Somaliland, I am Somaliweyn Centric. When I say Somaliweyn centric, I mean the whole nine yard. From the Republic, to Zone five, Djibouti and NFD. WE lost these territories few decades ago and our neighbors should now they owe us instead of the other way around. I guess that is for another day. I did spend five days in Djibouti before I left for Somaliland and another four days before coming home from home. So I think it is fair to narrate my encounters with political and business class of Djibouti. That means I will go back and Start from Djibouti, again. I am not a professional storyteller so bear with me. Also, the reader must distinguish real factual encounters from my personal opinion and Judgements which may be biased.
  9. Alpha, no I am not, but my wife is.
  10. When I finished high school in the Middle of eighties, I did my national service in the city of Daafeed, in the Shabeelaha Hoose . The policy of the government was to exchange students from different regions of the country. Those from the north went south and vice versa. I was delighted about the opportunity to see different part of the country. I visited Marka, Qoryooley Janaale and villages in between. I felt home among the residents. I did not paid one single penny for my education, from intermediate school to university of Gahayr. My education was free. Although I cherished and enjoyed coming back home after stint in Gahayr and Mogadishu, I felt I could live anywhere in my country. Order is better than anarchy and freedom. In January,2011, I went back home for the first time in 23 years. I wasn't prepared, but some how I made the Journey. We landed Addis Ababa in the afternoon. As soon as we exited from the arrival section, Immediately we have encountered the immigration officers and other Ethiopian authorities. as he processed my passport i noticed small sign in cubicle mirror which said " fighting corruption starts here". I said hmmm, they are serious people. Their hotels and staff are well organized and professional. You could easily notice that the employees appreciate and like their jobs. They go beyond the call of duty to satisfy your needs. Since Somalis from the Diaspora tip well, they probably love us having there. When the sun comes up early in the morning, you have literally millions of people on the move. you may not see people sitting idly and chatting for useless reasons. Unlike parasitic Somali cultural norms where the unemployed eat and drink without any worries, here everybody is his own. you get to do something or you will not eat. While the corruption and excess of the ruling class are noticeable in any African country, there is a feeling that the larger public is working hard to make a living. Billions of foreign aid is pouring to the country and there are construction booms and investment, yet the conditions of the roads and their downtowns are not even close to the Mogadishu of 1985, where Maka Al-mukarama roadways and others passing through Shabelle were clean with street lights. any way, the national currency has a value and the system was working well. I did not travel to the regions of the country were restrictions and trade barriers are the norm. The most expensive island on earth. We left for Djibouti in the early evening and landed just after eight at night. The airport is very small with huge asphalt paved platforms who do not even look like runways. Military cargo jets and helicopters are visible on tarmac. A uniformed officer gave us forms to fill and we lined up in front of small widows and paid the visa money. any decent hotel is one hundred dollars, everybody seem to be hyper or did not sleep well. Unlike Ethiopia, nothing moves until seven thirty or eight in the morning. When you go the commercial district or ( Guudka), the traffic jam is so huge. THings get worse between noon and one o'clock. I kept cursing these insane traffic and suddenly after 1pm, the whole city shut down. The streets are empty. by now everyone is sitting or getting ready to chew Khat. Basically the whole nation works just about four hours. Late afternoon the only people walking in the streets are women who seem to enjoy strolling these empty roads. The people of Djibouti are honest, friendly and straight talkers. Transit buses are the best place to meet real middle and working class Djiboutians. Women dress in Light hijab, Cabaayad or Dirac with light " malkhabad" .They are open and moderate society. Mosques are well attended, but you may not see religious extremists. Djibouti is a city state run by small connected families. Live is very expensive. One thousand dollars a month may not be enough for a middle class family with their own house, who would probably pay a third of that money for electricity. nothing is done to improve the life of the people. Yes, there are developments like container ports, oil terminal and other infrastructure for the import industry , but , none of these benefits the regular people or enhances employment opportunities for them. Greed is the word, the Oligarchs are building Hollywood style mansion on the top of the sea. It costs one hundred thousand dollars to fill the sea and build these houses. As I was leaving to Hargeisa, I noticed a huge 707 boeing jet in the tarmac. It had a logo which read " Republique de Djibouti". I did ask one of the Guys: since when did Djibouti had an airline?. The last Air Djibouti became defunct in late eighties after corruption bankrupted. He said, " it is President Geilleh's personal jet. when not in use he parks the plane in South Africa and when he travels, a pilot brings here. Cajiib. As we waited, I noticed another old russian built jet sitting on the left. It had a logo which said Daalo Airline. I saw a white guy ( they told he is a russian pilot) with a fuel or container putting something in the fuselage. he was wearing a sandal and socks, I am not kidding. Stay tuned.
  11. Alpha ,please keep updating these thread. We are witnessing a history as we speak. All the same. greed, corruption and despotism in action.
  12. Before the introduction of the colonials in the coastal area, Zaylac was a city inhabited by Indians, Arabs, Oromos and Somalis. Probably, some of these lyrics are a mix of languages. I remember growing up the " reer Zaylac were different from other people. In Borama, when there was a wedding or a party, you must call Dumarka Reer Zaylac, so they could cook their special foods and preform the folklore dance.
  13. Sister Safferz, thanks for uploading this rich culture. I met Allah ha u naxariistee Maryan Omar in the summer of 2008 in Ottawa, Canada. I went there for the commemoration of late Hassan Sheekh Muumin, one of the greatest playwright and composer of Somali culture. She was probably in her late fifties or early sixties. She was a soft spoken women of abundant grace. She had literally thousands of Somali Suugaan from 1950 to date. She passed in 2012.
  14. I think farah is a good man. Some times he he goes over the top. Mr. Malister please bring the full video of his speech. When he was talking about Mogadishu , he was quoting a conversation he had with one of the leaders of jubba. This video is totally selective and out of the main context of his speech.
  15. Another main issue is Al-shabaab is vehemently against foreign troops coming to Somalia, which is their main stated goal of attacking the federal Government. So far there were no foreign troops in Somaliland coming from the neighboring countries. Another reason is Ahmed Siilaanyo is very careful of greeting close to ethiopia. that could be probably some of the reasons that al-shabaab refrained from Attacking Somaliland.
  16. I do not think Somaliland supports Al-shabaab. It will be suicidal to do so. The international community have a big ear and connections to sift intelligence. Having said that I do believe there were truce between the ruling Kulmiye and Al-shabaab in the early years when they came to power or some kind of connection in the early years. In 2008 when the debate about the postponing the election was engulfing Somaliland Al-shabaab took action and Bombed the UNDP office , the Ethiopian consular office in Hargeisa and the Presidential Palace Itself. More than 10 people including the secretary of the president died. Also few members of the Guurti and others were targeted with bombs. Since Kulniye took power there were no one single attack of bombs or even threats directed against Somaliland. Although after that initial bombing, no other attacks happen during Rayaales reign, but there were disruptions of plots and some arrests. I am not implying any tribal connotations , just stating the facts. Also there were a lot of Al-shabaab menmbers, who left Somaliland during the war between Ethiopian backed government and Maxakamadaha, who came back quietly in Hargeisa and joined the the public. So far no single al _shabaab member was arrested in Hargeisa. It is hard to explain, yet there are no clear indications of collusion between Somaliland and Al-shabaab at the moment.
  17. They are from Shabeelaha hoose, Probably WaterMaal. I think it is part of Al-shabaab's strategy to saw discord and conflict among Somali tribes. They killed the Ugaas of some of the Jubba community ( c.Maleh) today. They did murder people in Galdogob and many other places. When there is pressure they shift the target. Also long time ago they said Wadaad xume iyo Oday xume waa laynaynaa. THe mayor of BuurHakaba said they know the culprits and they were Al-shabaab.
  18. I agree Xaaji, I yet have to see one single southern politician sacrificing any thing for the common good.
  19. Xaaji, rather than constant negotiations which does not produce any thing with both sides, why not Somaliland take over the south. It is a long shot, but it is not impossible. During Shariif Ahmed's rule, a wise man from Somaliland said: the current president " Kursi Dhiigle Ayuu Ku Fadhiyaa, Haddaad Tidhaahdo Waar waakii lixdankii calanka kuunfur la geeyee, Maanta nin Rag ah iska dhig oo Hargeisa ka geg, oo waxaad tidhaa dalkii ayaan sidaaye bal si nuun waxyeela". Kaa yeeli maayo oo waxuu u malaynayaa in uu wax luminayo. Instead of asking, power must be taken from the southern leaders. Tell me, who can challenge a northern president with a strong base, thriving economy, direct cash from the Somaliland treasury and 20,000 soldiers. These southern political leaders have no moral authority to hinder his mission. Waar labaatan sanadood ayaad wax keeni waydeene ha i hor joogsanina ayuu dhihi. He won't have to debate about so called gobols from Jubba to bay and hiiraan. he will enforce order first.Xaaji think as a the owner these land.
  20. Xaaji, arintu markaa markaa You need strong leader who could take over the South Central Somalia and make his own rules. Or why don't we get the job, we have 20,000 strong army in Somaliland, puntland has another Five thousand. These well disciplined army can secure the country. We ask the united nation to pay $1500 dollars they are paying for Unisom to go our boys. We could do better than the Djiboutians and Ugandhans.
  21. Xabad, what you have raised is a good question . Some clans feel threatened by being under the dominate one. Some provinces would like to be among the old 18 Gobols. to make as many as possible, you must change the current constitution which says: federal sates must be two or more. Some body in Hiiraan, or Awdal or Shabeelaha might one to stand alone. It is an issue.
  22. If I were to demarcate possible federal states of Somalia including Somaliland, here is how I would Have designed. !- South West Region: Jubbas, Gedo, Bay & Bakool and Lower Shabeele. This region is huge in terms of land mass and resources. It could be the bread basket and the land that feeds all of Somalia. It is one of the most important region for the future food stability and fight against hunger. remember, these people suffer most of famine related issues for the last 20 years. The domination of these region by one single tribe or allying themselves with foreign powers must be avoided, if possible. Both the Bay & Bakool region leaders and the Jubba leaders have shown the tendency to throw their lot either with Ethiopia or Kenya. This must be avoided if we want to build a prosperous free S.west. The powers of these two groups must dilutes for the interest of Somalia. 2- Mogadishu will should be the Capital of Somalia. Somalis left in 1991 after they have been forced to leave their homes aftermath of the tribal anarchy. That does not make for those who live there to day, the sole residents of the capital. While the stability and prosperity of Mogadishu is important, the existence of the Somali people are more important than any region of the country. The formation of Somali state should not wait any more for the Capital to be safe. Haday Bahala galeen noqoto, meeshii nabad ah ayaa Caasimada La gayn. Also no one should try to add or join the Capital to anyone of the imaginary federal state. People who live their already have all the advantages of living in the commercial and power center of the country. Hundred of millions are spent in Mogadishu while people have of other regions are starving. 3- The Hiiraan region or Central region. This region will comprise Galgaduud, Hiiraan and Shabeelaha dhexe. unlike public perception, These region is inhabited by diverse group of people. The Jareer wayne is one of the largest communities, the Caabudwaaq and Dhuusamareeb, which is mixed communities. While the H community is one of the largest, there are many others who have significant presence. These region will have both agricultural resources and livestock. 4- Puntland. Puntland is already ahead from most of the regions I mentioned in terms of administration, order and security, self rule, and have developed a great tradition on power transfer and conflict resolution. Mudug, Nugaal, Bari and Sanaag will form the Puntland state. Gaalkacayo is a commercial hub for the central regions of the country, it must not be divide in to Puntland and Galmudug. The Trouble makers of the Somali republic, traditionally originate from this town. From Aideed to C/laahi Yusuf to Cismaan AAto, are native sons of Gaalkacayo. If these group agree to share a city and brotherhood, then their is a hope. The reason I added Sanaag to puntland is mostly geography and trade. The main cities of Sanaag, like Badhan, Ceerigaabo and Laasqoray have relatively small distance to the main port of Boosaaso. Rather than take the goats, camels and other livestocks of the great grass land of Sanaag to Berbera for a day and half travel, they could reach Boosaaso within four hours or two hours in some towns. Rather than Somaliland Building this huge road from Burco to Ceerigaabo which crosses this colossal golis mountain ranges, it is cheaper to build Ceerigaabo-Boosaaso road. This road would definitely cost hundred of millions to build. 5- Togdheer-Sool region. THe people who live in this region have both great rivalry and kinship. As a young man in high school I spent over a month in the city of Burco in 1981. Almost a quarter of the city was inhabited by the Darwish community. They intermarried in large numbers, both in Sool and Togdheer. Of course, the war against the regime in the eighties created certain realities on the ground and a new political realities. Unlike public perception there are people from the east Burco community who live inside large districts of the Sool region. These are some of the fault lines of the Somali conflict which must be resolved by joining these communities who are already connected. Burco is becoming an industrial and commercial hub, while laascaanood could produce great number of livestock exports from the Nugaal valley to Buuhoodle district. 6- Awdal- Northwest region. These region will comprise Saaxil(Berbera), Hargeisa, Gabiley, Boorama, Zaylac districts. Like the people of Sool and Togdheer, these regions are intermingled both in terms of commerce and daily life ( way isku tidcan yihiin). There are people from Awdal who have lived in Hargeisa through the ages. The commerce from Hargiesa to Djibouti, Borama and Gabiley continues till to day. Hargeisa will be the headquarters of this region, and I believe life and people will trive. You will have direct commercial Airline connections fro all over Somalia to these region. There will be less bureaucracy on the lives of the citizens. Most of the Taxes and other money that comes to these region will be used for the development rather for security. I believe these can of regions will bring people together, rather than separate them. The names of the leaders of these regions will be governors or Premiers, not presidents. Waa biciid kaan dili doono , laakiin waxa wax waba ka horeeya, Let us defeat Al-shabbav and stabilize the south central Somalia. The process of Somaliland Joining these new federalism is a long one, but at least in my opinion we will have a formula based on Geography, trade and cohesiveness of the people. Finally the right of the Somali citizen to live freely in any region of the country and the right to elect and to be elected should be superceed any system. Remember the individual right is always important than the group rights.
  23. Since Somalia is guided by the United Nations road map, the Federal issue is already out of the box. As they say, the horses have left the barn. Dib loogama noqonayo. The main issue is what kind of federalism is suitable for Somalia. The way it is implemented at this moment will create problems for the future cohesiveness of the country. Nin walba intuu doono ayuu jeexanayaa. Ethiopia was an empire, a collection of different ethnic groups conquered by the Amhara led empire in the late nineteen and twentieth century. It has three choices. first, to disintegrate like the former Yugoslavia on ethnic line where every group will have their own state. The Amhara, Tigray, Somali, Oromo, Danakil and so on. Second, they could be a pluralistic democracy where different ethnic groups can co-exist wit open federalism. The third one is to keep the status quo and rule by force while allowing the ethnic groups to be supervised by an appointed emissary with a false federalism. In Fact, like all empires, Ethiopia should have been dissolved long time ago. Since tribal identity is becoming synonymous with ethnic identity, the road map people copied the Ethiopian federal system based on ethnic lines. That is why we are having Presidents rather than governors. Dr, Osman said that certain tribes by nature will have larger land masses. Of course most regions are dominated by certain tribes, but that alone will not qualify someone to be federal. " Laba gobol iyo wax ka badan" will not be be the only main criteria. As i wrote in this page, what you are creating should not be a recipe for future conflicts. It should enhance self rule, economic growth and cohesiveness of the communities. For example Puntland as one of the functioning federal states must fill some conditions to be a viable entity. you can not dismember the Mudug region and join along clan lines. If you add Galdogob in Puntland and leave Hobyo , Xaradheere and half of Gaalkacayo to Galmudug, that is demarcation by clan lines. Both the Galmudug and part of galgaduud should join puntland. If you can not share anything with the brother who lives in Baraxley, Gaalkacayo; how can you share a country with him. Since we all agree on some kind of federalism, we must have a real debate and discussion on what kind of federalism which suits the Somali people. We can not accept five presidents whose security and existence are guaranteed by neighbouring countries including the federal president.
  24. Yoniz, xaajigu waa nin balaadhan oo Zaylac ilaa Kismaayo ka war haya. marka Soomaalida la isku keenayo waa in xaajiga loo yeedhaa.