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  1. Herer

    SNM Vs SSC

    jabhad u dagalamaysa ..........................?
  2. Herer

    SNM Vs SSC

    there is similarities between snm and ssc.please share
  3. i think next is bahrain coz shias in bahrain have been heavily involved in every coup attempt, street agitation, uprising, and reform movement.They constitute more than 70 percent of their country’s population of 700,000.
  5. Extension for the Somali Parliament: no alternative in the circumstances The issue of extending the term of the Transitional Parliament has been a major element in Somali politics this week. The decision of the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP) to extend its term for another three years starting from August 22nd has generated mixed reactions both inside and outside the country. The TFG Council of Ministers, in a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed ‘Formajo’, discussed the decision, noting the view of Parliament that the decision was necessary and a means to avoid any political vacuum over the end of the transitional period. The Council emphasized its own efforts in looking for strategic options for the way forward. The Council said it took note of the international community’s critical reaction to the TFP’s decision as well as the other challenges facing the Transitional Federal Institutions. It called its concern reasonable as any unilateral decision on the TFP’s extension might further failure for the institutions or of the constitution. The statement of the Council of Ministers also welcomed dialogue with the international community and its advice. It reaffirmed, however, that the decision on the way forward belongs to the Somali people as represented by its government. The Council of Ministers emphasized its own leadership role. It said it would continue the wide consultations it has started with different government institutions, various segments of the Somali People and the international community to prevent a political vacuum or any disruption to the functioning of Somalia’s Constitutional Institutions. It is clear that the Council of Ministers’ statement is very carefully drawn up. It balances between the decision of the Parliament, considered quite legitimate internally, and the criticisms of the Nairobi-based international community which claims it was not consulted on the matter. Indeed, representatives of the international community in Nairobi made sustained efforts to prevent parliament passing its decision, sending a number of messages to MPs to try and stop the decision. When this failed, other attempts were made to try to persuade the administration of Puntland and the leadership of Ahlu Suna wal Jama’a to reject the decision of the TFP without bothering to look at any of the details of the decision. In fact, Parliament initiated the process for extension of its term according to the provisions of the Transitional Federal Charter, and the 1960 constitution. Its decision does of course also need the endorsement of the President. He can either assent to the decision or refuse, providing a memorandum to explain his refusal. If the President accepts the decision it effectively means the Parliament will continue for another three and a half years, starting this month. An exceptionally high number of members of parliament (429) voted in favour of the motion. This suggests the Parliament would have the option of overriding any attempts to block their decision if necessary. For the moment, the Parliament has decided in a very clear and transparent manner what will happen in August 2011 when the terms of the Transitional Federal Institutions come to an end. At that point, Parliament in accordance with the decision will carry out its constitutional mandate and elect a President, a Speaker and his Deputies, confirm the appointment of a new Prime Minister and subsequently endorse a cabinet formed by the new Prime Minister. Surprisingly, immediate criticism of Parliament’s decision came from the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom, Italy and the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General, all apparently scornful, even hostile to what they saw as independent thinking by the TFP. For many in Somalia this reaction appeared to be contrary to the spirit of understanding visible during the recent AU Summit and in the sideline meetings held on Somalia. The IGAD Summit, convened on January 30th, considered the issue of Somalia, and expressed its opinion on the need that the TFP consider extending its term. The IGAD communiqué was endorsed by the full AU Summit. Similarly, the mini-Summit convened by the AU Commission and the UN Secretariat and chaired by Prime Minister Meles reached similar conclusions. Hardly surprisingly, those following developments in Somalia find it difficult to understand the reasons for the outcry from the Nairobi-based international community. Similar reservations were also raised in a brainstorming session, attended by Somali politicians, at Wilton Park in the UK this week. The issue here is not to say whether the Transitional Federal Institutions have done all they could to have moved the Somali Peace Process forward, and this, of course, is the main aim of everybody. It must however be understood that the international community cannot replace Somalis in this endeavour. It is, therefore, Somalis who must be given all the support necessary to accomplish what must be done in the country. And the international community can do a lot in this direction rather than try to take decisions for the sovereign people of Somalia who are best placed to decide what is best for their country. Indeed, it is the belief of “A Week in the Horn” that all the efforts of the international community should be geared towards assisting the Transitional Federal Parliament to implement its decision properly, and to help the Transitional Federal Institutions accomplish the remaining transitional tasks as completely as possible. This week, the IGAD Partners Forum also held a meeting. The current Chair of IGAD, the Executive Secretary of IGAD and the IGAD Facilitator for Somalia Peace and National Reconciliation briefed the Forum on the decisions of the recent IGAD Extraordinary Summit, on the discussions and decisions on Somalia, the Sudan and developments in Kenya. The decision of the Transitional Federal Parliament to extend its term of office was raised. It was emphasized that there was no alternative to assisting the implementation of the TFP decision to enable Somalia to move forward without causing any political vacuum.
  6. i think there will be no impact on Bouteflika since he is in office since 1999 which is not same as bin ali and mubarak
  7. bro is working 4 his living
  8. Prometheus;694458 wrote: Awoowe JB, indhaweyd kumaan arag, welcome back. Qolyahan wax-ma-garatada ah ayaan hiteeyay oo hiifay dooddooda. Run ahaantii waxaad moodaa qaarkood inay had iyo jeer mucjiso raadinayaan – miyaanay ahayn wax lala yaabo? Desperate for proof? Haddii aanay mucjiso helin, mid sakhiif ah bay abuurayaan. Mid baa khudaarta ama laxooxa magaca Eebbe ka dhex arkaya; Mid kalaa dhurwaa ciyaya kolkuu maqlo khushuucaya oo odhanaya: Dhurwaagu wuu tasbiixsanayaa. Kuwan imika ‘golden ratio’ la wareegaya tabtaas weeyaan. Intay aqoon-darro iyo khuraafaat la yimaadaan ayeey dhawr eray oo saynis ah nafaqo ka dhiganayaan. Silver ratio intaanad weydiin, waxaad weydiisaa xisaabta beenta ee video-ga ku jira muxuu ku saleesanyahay, oo ‘golden ratio’ muxuu u taagan yahay. maxa wax walba addunka lagu arkaya.
  9. South Sudan clashes with Athor in Jonglei: '100 dead' More than 100 people are now said to have died in fighting in south Sudan after rebels attacked the army, officials say. Earlier reports said this week's fighting had killed 16 people. Some 39 of those killed were civilians, a south Sudan army spokesman said. The clashes between fighters loyal to George Athor and south Sudan's army come as the region prepare for independence from the north following last month's referendum. Some 99% of people voted to secede from the north, according to official results announced this week. Mr Athor took up arms last year, alleging fraud in state elections, but signed a ceasefire last month just before the historic vote. Security challenges Twenty members of Southern Sudan's security forces were killed, along with 30 rebels, taking the new death toll to 105, southern army spokesman Philip Aguer said. During the clashes, two army trucks were blown up by land mines near the town of Fangak in Jonglei state, he said. He said Mr Athor's men attacked on Wednesday afternoon and clashes continued on Thursday. Jonglei is the south's most populous state. When Mr Athor took up arms last April, the south accused him of being used by the north to stir up trouble and derail the referendum - charges denied at the time by northern officials. He agreed to the ceasefire deal with the SPLA days before the referendum vote began - although he did not attend the signing ceremony in person. Mr Athor has blamed the SPLA for attacking his forces, but said that he was open to new talks. "If the other side is willing, we can continue talks but if they are not willing, then I would say this is the end of the peace agreement between us and them," he told the Reuters news agency via satellite phone on Thursday. The BBC's Peter Martell in the southern capital, Juba, says the fighting is another sign of the challenges the south faces in bringing its people together and improving security. The week-long referendum vote itself passed off peacefully, but tension remains high in parts of the oil-rich area which straddles the north and south. Fifty-four people were killed over the weekend in fighting in Southern Sudan's Upper Nile state. Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir has promised to accept the outcome of the referendum. On Wednesday, Sudan's UN ambassador hinted that the International Criminal Court arrest warrant for Mr Bashir should be withdrawn as a "reward" for him accepting the south's independence. Mr Bashir is accused of links to war crimes in a separate conflict in the western region of Darfur. Southern Sudan is to become the world's newest independent state on 9 July.
  10. Nokia and Microsoft form partnership Nokia has joined forces with Microsoft in an attempt to regain ground lost to the iPhone and Android-based devices. The deal will see Nokia use the Windows phone operating system for its smartphones, the company said. It means that Nokia's existing operating systems will be sidelined. Speaking at the launch of the partnership, Nokia's chief executive Stephen Elop revealed that there would be "substantial" job losses as a result of the tie-up. Nokia will remain "first and foremost...a Finnish company. Finland is our home and will remain our home," he said. But job losses around the world, including in Finland, will be inevitable, he added. Windows first Speaking about the new partnership with Microsoft, Mr Elop said that "the game has changed from a battle of devices to a war of ecosystems". "An ecosystem with Microsoft and Nokia has unrivalled scale around the globe," he said. Microsoft's chief executive Steve Ballmer was also present at the launch, underlining the importance of the deal to the computing giant. "Nokia and Microsoft working together can drive innovation that is at the boundary of hardware, software and services," he said. Microsoft's Bing will power Nokia's search services, while Nokia Maps would be a core part of Microsoft's mapping services. The new strategy means Nokia's existing smartphone operating systems will be gradually sidelined. Symbian, which runs on most of the company's current devices will become a "franchise platform", although the company expects to sell approximately 150 million more Symbian devices in future. "It is a transition from Symbian to Windows phone as our primary smartphone platform," said Mr Elop. Windows may not be the exclusive operating system for Nokia tablets though. "We reserve the right to introduce tablets using other platforms, including ones we may be working on internally," he said. There was no specific announcement about when the first Windows-powered Nokia phone will be available. Mr Elop revealed that the firm did consider a tie-up with Google's Android operating system. "We spent time with our colleagues at Google and explored the Google ecosystem but we felt we would have difficulty differentiating within that ecosystem," he said. It was also revealed that talks with Microsoft only began in November, illustrating how quickly the deal has been pushed through. Future clashes The move away from Symbian is a brave decision for Nokia, according to experts. "This is a clear admission that Nokia's own-platform strategy has faltered," said Ben Wood, an analyst with research firm CCS: Insight. "Microsoft is the big winner in this deal, but there are no silver bullets for either company given the strength of iPhone and Google's Android," he added. Nokia's share of the smartphone market fell from 38% to 28% in 2010, according to monitoring firm IDC. Nokia's upcoming Meego operating system will also be sidelined. According to the company statement: "MeeGo will place increased emphasis on longer-term market exploration of next-generation devices." The MeeGo platform was expected to form the core of Nokia's future smartphone and tablet strategy. The company says it still plans to ship one Meego device by the end of 2011. For Magnus Rehle, the Nordic managing director of research firm Greenwich Consulting, Nokia may have difficulty juggling its three operating systems: Windows, Symbian and MeeGo. "Three platforms is a lot to work with. I'm not sure there is room for so many platforms," he said. And, as with any tie-up, there could be clashes between the two firms, he said. Earlier this week Nokia chief executive Stephen Elop sent a memo to staff warning that the company was in crisis.
  11. unforgettable lesson always on ma mind and heart thanks 4 sharing walaalo Nur