A Collective Response to Dr. Markus Hoehne and the Somaliland Journal of African Studies


It is with grave concern that we, the undersigned Somali academics, researchers, students, writers, activists, community members and our non-Somali academic and activist allies, write to you today.

We are deeply troubled by the extraordinary omission of Somali academics and researchers from the board of editors, international advisory board, and published authors of the newly launched academic journal Somaliland Journal of African Studies (SJAS). We are further disturbed by comments made publicly on Facebook by advisory board member and social anthropologist Dr. Markus Hoehne in response to and dismissive of the Somali-led critique of academic exclusion and Western dominance in SJAS and the field of Somali Studies more generally.

In its recent inaugural issue, the Somaliland Journal of African Studies described itself as an academic journal “covering African affairs at large, but with a particular focus on East Africa and the Horn.” It also stated that the journal was the product of collaboration “with students and scholars of the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies of the University of Hargeisa.” It was brought to our collective attention in late March that the editorial and advisory boards do not reflect this supposed partnership with UofH. Not a single Somali student or scholar from Hargeisa, the broader Somali region, or the vast Somali diaspora is represented in SJAS. Instead, the editorial and advisory board is made up of 9 Europe and US based academics – as well as two graduate student editors – and three Ethiopian academics affiliated with Addis Ababa University.

In response to this exclusion of Somali researchers and scholars from SJAS, there were conversations on Facebook between young Somali academics and activists on how to respond, and the announcement of a Twitter-based discussion on March 26th under the hashtag #CadaanStudies. “Cadaan” is the Somali term for whiteness, and the hashtag was intended to capture important questions of power, authority and knowledge production about the Somali territories, and how Somalis continue to be marginalized in academic and policy discussions concerning them.

It was in one of these Facebook conversation threads that Dr. Markus Hoehne entered in defense of SJAS and dismissal of this critique. It is necessary to quote his words at length:

I did NOT come accross [sic] many younger Somalis who would qualify as serious SCHOLARS – not because they lack access to sources, but because they seem not to value scholarship as such. Sorry to say, but to become a successful political scientist, social anthropologist, sociologist or human geographer, you study many years without an economically promising end in sight. You have to work hard before you get out one piece of text and even then, you often get more criticism than praise. You certainly do not become rich quickly as a social scientist, at least if you have to pay your bills in Europe or Northamerica. Now, where are all the ‘marginalised’ Somalis who do not get their share in academia? I guess you would have to first find all the young Somalis who are willing to sit on their butt for 8 hours a day and read and write for months to get one piece of text out. Okay, before you ‘crucify’ me now for my neo-colonial racist male writing, I ADMIT that given the lack of good quality higher education in social sciences INSIDE Somalia, one cannot enter into a fair competition between cadaan iyo madow [black] scholars here. BUT, there are many young Somalis in UK, USA and continental Europe who have a chance to get a degree from a well-established university in social sciences and become master analysts of Somali and other affairs (where are Somali sociologists who work on issues of discrimination or inequality in the USA or Europe, where are Somali religious scholars who engage in the debate about Islam in Europe? Sometimes you have to look beyond your Somali navel). But in my life, I met only very FEW diaspora Somalis who seriously pursued such a career (in social sciences). So, your activism is good, but what you actually would have to do – instead of getting outraged at cadaan scholars, is to sit down and get your analysis out and criticise not cadaan for writing sth, but your own brothers and sisters for not writing better stuff!

He continued to argue back and forth with over 30 educated Somalis, stating “there is not enough good and serious scholarship in the form of articles and books coming from Somali social scientists,” that he “did not see many young Somalis seriously engaging in social sciences,” and demanded they prove their existence to him: “Please send me the references to articles and books written by young Somali social scientists that have been published in well-established journals and with reputable publishers.”

When Hoehne was asked to leave the thread by many who felt patronized and attacked by his comments, he crudely responded in broken Somali translating to: “Fine. I will go. You and your friends can talk about a stupid white man who is colonizing you, but I think that when you are finished talking about colonialism, you will go back to your Somali tribalism.” In subsequent discussions on other Somali Facebook pages following the successful #CadaanStudies Twitter discussion, he continued to comment in incredibly divisive ways, questioning the authenticity of diaspora Somalis who participated in Twitter activism and reducing the critique of knowledge production and systemic power to one that pitted individual white against black, us (non-Somali Somali Studies scholars) versus them (Somalis, who he viewed as lacking the credentials and discipline to produce academic work and participate in the field). He positioned himself, a German anthropologist, as more in touch with Somali reality than the Somalis who were challenging him online, while continuing to argue that the conversations taking place online was not “real debate”:

“You all seem to be in the diaspora. INSIDE Somalia, I have never encountered this type of flat reaction towards me. Some people hated me for certain opinions, many challenged me – but there was a real debate about THE MATTER, not flat accusations of racism and white supremacy. In my subjective opinion, Somalis in Somalia had a much more constructive and interesting way of debating than many of you (whoever ‘you’ exactly is) in the diaspora, who have so many means compared to your brothers and sisters who never left the motherland. Maybe you should get your equation right: If I am a white supremacist, you are a black supremacist compared to your brothers and sisters back in Somalia who have not all the high quality education and economic means you can access.”

We are appalled by the words of Dr. Markus Hoehne, his lack of self-awareness regarding the seriousness and violence of his comments and thinking, and his inability and unwillingness to engage. We are concerned that these words should come from an academic who considers himself an expert on Somalis and has power in both the field of Somali Studies as well as policy about and within the Somali territories, evidenced by the decision to commission him for the project “Community Safety Forums & Community Police Dialogues in Somaliland, Puntland and South Central Somalia” by the Danish Demining Group and funding from the UK Department for International Development (DFID).

It is our collective belief that what Dr. Markus Hoehne’s comments and the exclusionary Somaliland Journal of Somali Studies show us is the necessity and urgency of discussing and deconstructing issues of power and authority in Somali Studies, and thinking through how this has shaped academic knowledge production about Somalis historically and into the present. We are keenly aware that Somali Studies emerged alongside the colonization of the Somali territories, and that inextricably linked to the expansion of European power in the Horn of Africa was the production of cultural and historical information about Somalis. In the postcolonial present, the production of knowledge about the Horn of Africa remains largely in the hands of European and American academics and analysts, increasingly linked to the informational needs of neocolonialism and the War on Terror. There is too much at stake for our voices and concerns to be dismissed.

Jawaab Wadajir ah oo ku Socota Dr. Markus Hoehne iyo Somaliland Journal of African Studies

Annaga oo ah dadka hoos ku saxiixan, ahna Somali aqoonyhanno ah, cilmi baadhayaal, qoraalayaal, u dhaqdhaqaaqayaal arimaha bulshada, xubno bulshada ka tirsan iyo aqoonyahano iyo taageerayaal aan Somali aheyn, waxaanu anaga oo aad u walaacsan qoraynaa warqaddan:

Waxaanu aad uga xunnahay in qof Soomaali ahi uusan ka mid aheyn guddiga tifatireyaasha, la taliyayaasha iyo qorayaasha Somaliland Journal of African Studies (SJAS) ee dhowaan la aasaasay. Waxa kale oo aad noo sii warwar geliyay faalada uu ku soo bandhigay Facebookga nin ka mid ah guddiga la taliyayaasha joornaalka ahna Social Anthropologist, Dr. Markus Hoehne, isaga oo ka jawaabaya isna diidsiinaya dhaliisha ay hogaaminayaan dad Soomali ah oo ka hadlay sida SJAS looga reebay aqoonyahannada Soomaaliyeed, sida ay reer galbeedku u hadheeyeen joornaalka gaar ahaan ee guud ahaan cilmi baadhista ku saabsan Soomaaliya.

Wuxuu Somaliland Journal of African Studies isku tilmaamay in uu yahay joornaal aqooneed oo ka hadli doona guud ahaan arrimaha Africa, isaga oo xooga saaraya Bariga iyo Geeska Africa. Waxa kale oo la sheegay in Joornaalku ka soo unkumay iskaashi lala yeeshay “ardayda iyo aqoonyahanka institute of Peace and Conflict Studies ee jaamacadda Hargeysa.  Dabayaaqadii bishii Maarso waxaanu dhammaan ka war helnay in arday iyo aqoonyahanka Jaamacadda Hargeysa iyo cid gobol weynaha Soomaaliya ka socota ama qurba joogta Soomaaliyeed ee faraha badan aanay ka mid aheyn SJAS. Hase yeeshee, tifatirayaasha iyo guddida la taliyayaashu waxay ka koobanyihiin 9 qof oo ka socda Yurub iyo Ameerika- intaa waxaa dheer laba tifatire oo ah arday diyaarinaysa PhD- iyo saddex aqoonyahan oo u dhashay Ethiopia oo la xidhiidha Jaamacadda Addis Ababa.

Si looga jawaabo waxa ay cilmi baadhayaasha iyo aqoonyahannada Soomaaliyeed aysan uga muuqan SJAS, waxa Facebookga ka bilaabmay wada hadallo dhexmaray dhalinyaro aqoonyahanna ah oo Soomaali ah.  Waxaa lagu dhawaaqay Maarso 26 keedii falanqeyn –Twitter oo loogu magac daray hashtag#Cadaan Studies. Waxaa falanqayntaas loogu talo galay in lagu ifiyo su’aalaha muhiimka ah ee ku saabsan xoogga, awoodda iyo soo saaridda aqoonta ku saabsan dhulka Soomaalida iyo sida loo gacan bidixeeyo Soomaalida marka ay noqoto cilmiga iyo falanqaynta siyaasadda iyaga ku saabsan.

Markii la is weydaarsaday wada hadalkii Facebookga ayaa soo dhexgalay Dr. Markus Hoehne, isaga oo difaacaya SJAS isna diidsiinaya dhaliisha Facebookga lagu soo bandhigay.

Wuxuu yidhi sida hoos ku qoran:

“Weligay lama kulmin Soomaali badan oo dhalinyaro ah oo u qalma in la yidhaahdo waa aqoonyahaano dhab ah- ma aha sababtu in ay la’ yihiin ilo cilmi, laakin waxaa weeyaan inayna qiimayn cilmi baadhista. Waan ka xumahay inaan iraahdo, laakiin haddi aad doonayso inaad noqoto aqoonyahan ah political scientist, social anthropologist, sociologist, ama human geographer, waa inaad sannado badan waxbarataa, adiga oon hubin inay ku anfacayaan dhaqaale ahaan. Waa in aad aad u sheqaysaa inta aanad soo saarin wax qoraal ah, inta badan waxaad la kulmaysaa dhaliilo ka badan amaanta.  Ma noqonaysid mid dhakhso taajir u noqda haddii aad tahay Social Scientist, gaar ahaan haddaad ku nooshahay Yurub ama Waqooyiga Ameerika oo aad bixinayso biilal. Aaway Soomaalida la gacan bidixeeyay ee aan helin qeybtii ay ku lahaayeen aqoonta? Waxaan u maleynayaa in aad marka hore soo heshaan dhalinyaro u diyaar ah in ay 8 saacadood maalin kasta wax akhriyaan oo wax qoraan bilo fara badan si ay u soo saaraan qoraal. Waa yahay, inta aydaan i “daldalin” ooybaan igu cambaarayn in qoraalkeygu cunsuri yahay iyo gumaysi cusub, waxaan qirayaa in aanay jirin Soomaali waxbarasho dhinaca cilmiga bulshada oo qiimi sare leh. Sidaas awgeed, tartan cadaalad ahi ma dhex mari karto aqoonyahanka cadaanka ah iyo kuwa madow. Laakiin waxaa jira Soomaali dhalinyaro ah oo joogta Ingriiska, Maraykanka ama Yurubta kale oo  haysata fursad fiican inay shahaadooyin ka qaataan jaamacado magac leh oo noqonkara sociologists si fiican tacliin ugu sameyn kara Soomaaliya iyo arrimo kale (Aawaye aqoonyahannadaas Soomaliyeed ee ku takhasustay cilmiga bulshada  ee ka shaqeyn karta arrimaha midab kala sooca iyo kala sarreynta ka jirta Maraykanka iyo Yurub, aawaye aqoonyahannada Soomaaliyeed ee diinta iyo arimaha Islaamka kaga doodda gudaha Yurub?). Marmarka qaarkood waxaad u baahantahay inaad arrimaha u eegto si Soomaalida ka baxsan. Intaan noolaa, waxaan la kulmay in yar oo ka tirsan qurba joogta Soomaaliyeed oo si dhab ah ugu takhasustay cilmiga bulshada. Haddaba, dhaqdhaqaaqan aad wadaan wuu fiicanyahay laakiin intaad ka xanaaqaysaan waxa aqoonyahankan cadaanka ahi qoray,  intaad meel fadhiisataan soo saara falanqayn dhab ah (analysis) oo ha dhaliilina cadaanka wax qoray ee waxaad dhaliishaan walaalihiin aan wax fiican qorin.”

Muran ayuu Markus Hoehne la galay ilaa 30 Soomaaliyeed oo wax baratay, isagoo leh ma jirto aqoon sare oo run ah oo la sheego, sida maqaalado ama buugaag ay qoreen aqoonyahanno Soomaaliyeed dhinaca cilmiga bulshada, mana arag dhalinyaro Soomaaliyeed oo si dhab ah isugu taxaluujinaysa Cilmiga Bulshada iyo inay u caddeeyaan jiritaankooda isaga oo leh “Haddii ay jiraan, fadlan ii soo dira nuquladaas iyo buugaagtaas ay qoreen dhalinyaro Soomaliyeed oo Cilmiga Bulshada ku takhasustay oo lagu qoray joornaalada caanka ah iyo daabacaado magac leh.”

Markii ay dad badan dhibsadeen hadalkiisii ayna la kulmeen weerar iyo ixtiraam darro ayaa laga codsaday Hoehne inuu khadka ka baxo. Haseyeeshe intii aanu ka bixin Hoehne wuxuu jawaab af Soomaali ah ku yidhi: “Waan iska tegeyaa, dib ma leh. Adigu iyo asaxabtaada waad wada hadli kartaa ku sabaan cadaamada nacas ah oo ku guumeysanayaan. Waa yahay. Waan u maaleynayaa, markaad dhameysey hadalkaaga guumaysiga ku sabsan ayaad dib u noqon kartaa qabyaaladda Soomaaliyeed.”

Wada hadalo dambe of ka bilaabmay facebookga, falanqeyntii #cadaanstudies Twitterka ka dib wuxuu Hoehne sii waday kala qaybin iyo inuu calaamad su’aal saaro runnimada iyo xaqiiqada qurba joogta Soomaaliyeed ee ka qaybqaadatay twitterka doodiisa isaga oo dhaliishii aqoon soo saaridda iyo nidaamka awoodda ku soo koobay is hardi shakhsi cadaan ah oo ka soo horjeeda madowga, annaga (Soomaalida darista Soomaliya) iyo iyaga (Soomaalida uusan u arkayn inayna darajo iyo aqoon ay wax ku soo saaraan lahayn). Waxuu Hoehne isu arkay isaga oo ah nin Jarmal ah oo aqoonyahan Cilmiga Bulshada ah, inuu xaqiiqada Soomaaliya ugu dhowyahay Soomaalida khadka kula doodaysay, isaga oo ku sheegay wada hadalka khadka internetku inuu aheyn “dood dhab ah.”

“Waxaad u muuqataan  inaad dhammaan tihiin qurba joog. Gudaha Soomaaliya, kulama kulmin hor imaadkan qayaxan. Dadka waxay igu necbaayeen fikradaha qaar, qaar badan way igula murmeen, laakiin dood dhab ah ayaa na dhex martay, may jirin kuwo eedeeyay midab takoor iyo isla weyni cadaan. Aragtidayda, Soomaalida joogta Soomaaliya ayaa si wax ku ool ah oo ka xiiso badan kuwiina dibbada jooga (mid kasta oo aad tahayba) u dooda, idinka oo haysta fursado ka badan kuwa dhulkii hooya lagaga yimid. Bal hadda arrinta dib u eega: Haddaan ahay cunsuri cad, idinkuna waxaad tihiin cunsuriyeen madow marka la idiin eego walaalihiina aad kaga timaadeen Soomaaliya ee tacliinta iyo dhaqaalaha  aad haystaan aan heli karin.”


Aad ayaan uga yaabnay erayada Dr.Markus Hoehne, iska war la’aantiisa, kulaylka and khatarta fikirkiisa iyo weerarkiisa, sida uuna awood ugu lehayn una doonaynin in si fiican wax loola falanqeeyo.  Waxaa na dhibaysa inay erayadani ka soo baxaan aqoonyahan isu haysta inuu soomaalida khabiir ku yahay awoodna ku leh saaxada Somali Studies iyo dhulka Soomaaliyeedba, sida markhaati ugu tahay in isaga loo xilsaaray mashruuc ay dawladaha Ingriiska iyo Denmark maalgaliyeen ” Community Safety Forums & Community Police Dialogues in Somaliland , Puntland and South Central Somalia.”

Wadar ahaan waxaanu aaminsanahay in erayada ka soo yeedhay Dr. Markus Hoehne iyo sida Somaliland Journal of African Studies gooni loogu yeeshay inay na tusayaan baahida degdega ah ee loo qabo in laga wada hadlo lana sameeyo dib u habayn ku saabsan arrimaha awoodda iyo khabiirnimada cilmiga barashada Soomaaliya (Somali Studies), iyo in laga fikiro sida arrintani u saamaysay waxbarashada aqoon soo saarka Soomaalida taariikh ahaan iyo wakhtigan.  Waxaanu ognahay in Soomaalida oo la darsaa ay ka barbar dhalatay lana socotay gumaysigii dhulka Soomaaliyeed xukumay, lagamana sooci karo fidsigii awoodda reer yurub ee ku fiday Geeska Afrika, soo saaridda warar ku saabsan hiddaha iyo taariikhda Soomaaliyeed.  Waqtigan la joogo ee ka dambaysay gumaysigii , wax soo saarka aqooneed (knowledge production) ee Geeska Afrika wuxuu weli gacanta ugu jiraa aqoon yahanno iyo cilmi baarisyaal reer Yurub iyo Maraykan ah, si balaadhanna wuxuu ugu xidhanyahay baahida war ee gumaystaha cusub iyo dagaalka argagixisada lagula jiro.  Waa arrin ahmiyad weyn leh oo u baahan in dhawaaqayaga iyo dareenkayaga aan la iska indho tirin.


  1. Safia Aidid, PhD Candidate in History, Harvard University
  2. Ilyas Abukar, PhD Candidate in American Studies, University of Maryland-College Park
  3. Cawo Abdi, Assistant Professor of Sociology, University of Minnesota
  4. Abdi Latif Ega, author of “Guban” and PhD Candidate, Columbia University
  5. Abdi Ismail Samatar, Professor & Chair, Department of Geography, Environment and Society, University of Minnesota
  6. Yusuf Dirie, Teaching Fellow in Innovation and PhD Researcher, University of Sussex
  7. Hodan Mohamed, Co-Founder of Sahan Literary Forum and PhD Candidate in Population Health, University of Ottawa
  8. Fowsia Abdulkadir, PhD Candidate in Canadian Studies, Carleton University
  9. Ahmed Ibrahim, PhD Candidate in Cultural Anthropology, City University of New York
  10. Hared Mah, PhD Student in Economics, Southern Illinois University
  11. Fadumo Dayib, PhD Student, University of Helsinki, Mid-Career Masters of Public Administration and Mason Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School
  12. Jamal Adam, PhD Candidate in Education, University of Minnesota
  13. Sumaya Mohamed, Researcher, Department of Anthropology, University of Washington
  14. Safia Gahayr, poet, trade unionist, educator and PhD Candidate in Sociology and Equity Studies in Education, OISE, University of Toronto
  15. Sofia Samatar, Assistant Professor of Literature and Writing, California State University Channel Islands
  16. Ifrah Abdullahi, PhD Candidate in Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia
  17. Maimuna Mohamud, Researcher at the Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (Mogadishu). Masters, Refugee & Forced Migration Studies, Oxford and Masters, Global Gender Studies, University at Buffalo
  18. Saeed Abdulkadir Said (Naji), PhD Candidate in Federation University Australia, Ex-Director of Training and Consultancy of Simad University, Mogadishu
  19. Mohammed Ibrahim Shire, author, documentary filmmaker and PhD Candidate in Management Science, Loughborough University
  20. Abdiwasa Abdilahi Bade, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Addis Ababa University
  21. Zamzam Ahmed Abdi, PhD Candidate in International Development Studies, Utrecht University Netherlands
  22. Ifrah Magan, MSW University of Chicago, PhD Candidate , University of Illinois at Chicago
  23. Sahro Ahmed Koshin, Activist, Author, Poet, MA Cultural Anthropology, Leiden University, MA Advanced Development Studies, Radboud University, PhD Candidate at the University of Nairobi
  24. Charmarkeh Houssein, PhD in Communication, Universite Sorbonne, Postdoctorate and Part-Time Professor, Department of Communication, University of Ottawa
  25. Hashim Yonis, PhD Candidate in Executive Leadership, University of Minnesota
  26. Deika Mohamed, PhD Student, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
  27. Deika Omar Ahmed, PhD Candidate in Sociology, University of Ottawa
  28. Kalid Abdinasir, PhD Candidate, Department of Social Anthropology, Addis Ababa University
  29. Hussein Mohamed Yusuf, MSc Environmental and Climate Change, Lecturer at Jigjiga University Ethiopia
  30. Mohamed Guudle, MSc in Economics, Bilgi University Turkey, incoming PhD Student
  31. Sharmaarke Abdullahi, MA Public Policy, Professor at Algonquin College Social Services Department and Business Consultant with the City of Ottawa
  32. Nasra Giama, Assistant Professor and DNP in Nursing, University of Minnesota
  33. Ismail Warsame, M.Ed., Somali Narrative Project, University of Maine
  34. Subeyda Mohamed, BA Hons Political Science, BEd York University, MA Candidate in Immigration and Settlement Studies, Ryerson University
  35. Mohamed Guleid, BA Kampala International University and Lecturer, University of Burao & Addis University Colleage – Burao Branch
  36. Mohamed Awil, MA Candidate, International Relations and Diplomacy, University of Hargeisa
  37. Ahmed Abdulhalim (Naaji), Banker, Researcher, Masters in Islamic Finance Practice, INCEIF Malaysia, incoming PhD Student in Political Economics, United Nations’ African Institute for Economic Development and Planning
  38. Aurala Uarsama, MA, M.Ed. University of Alberta, Independent Researcher
  39. Hawa Y. Mire, Masters in Environmental Studies, York University
  40. Mohammed Omar, MA Candidate in Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa
  41. Dirie Yusuf, graduate student, St. Cloud State University
  42. Hodan A. Mohamed, MA, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto
  43. Hudda Ibrahim, Editor-in-Chief of Somalicurrent, graduate student in Peace Studies/Policy Analysis & Political Change, University of Notre Dame
  44. Nimmo Osman Elmi, award winning Norweigian anthropologist, Masters in Philosophy, University of Oslo and incoming PhD Student
  45. Amina Musa, graduate student in International Development and Social Change, Clark University
  46. Guled Jama, MB BChir Candidate, University of Cambridge and Researcher at King’s Centre for Global Health
  47. Abdi Aidid, JD Candidate, Yale University
  48. Ifrah F. Ahmed, JD Candidate, CUNY School of Law and Co-Founder and Editor of Araweelo Abroad Magazine
  49. Mahdi Hussein, JD Candidate, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University
  50. Subban Jama, JD Candidate, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University
  51. Marwo Abdi Bayow, JD Candidate, BA Sociology University of Victoria
  52. Yasin Ahmed Ismail, BA Politics & International Affairs, Wake Forest University and incoming JD Candidate
  53. Asha Noor, MS in Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University
  54. Abdi Egal, MPA/MSPS, Suffolk University
  55. Abdinafic Ali, Masters Candidate in Finance and Banking, Kadir Has University Turkey
  56. Warsan Noor, Masters in Spanish/Bilingual and Multicultural Studies, George Mason University
  57. Ayaan Moussa, Masters in Gender and Women’s Studies, George Mason University
  58. Mohamed Noor, Masters in Economics/Finance from American University.
  59. Iftin Fatah, Masters in Public Policy and International Commerce, George Mason University
  60. Omar Fateh, Masters in Public Administration, George Mason University
  61. Sadia Aden, Masters in Health Informatics, George Mason University
  62. Shakur Ali, MA International Politics and Human Rights, City University London
  63. Sagal Jibril, BA International Development Studies, MA Environmental Studies, Graduate Diploma Refugee and Migration Studies, York University
  64. Ahmed A. Abdullahi, MA Peace and Conflict Studies, Coventry University UK
  65. Ahmed Ahmed, M.Ed Candidate, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto
  66. Zenab Abdirahman, MA Educational Planning, Economics and International Development, UCL Institute of Education, University of London and Co-Founder of Somali Heritage and Academic Network
  67. Abdi Egal, MPA/MSPS, Suffolk University
  68. Abdirazak Noor, MD, Saratov State Medical University, Russia
  69. Bilan Hashi, MA Candidate in Gender Studies, Queen’s University
  70. Amira Adawe, MPH, Public Health Practitioner and Researcher. Environmental Health instructor, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota
  71. Ali Abdi Mohamud, MA Candidate, Department of Business and Economics, Daffodil International University of Bangladesh
  72. Bashir Ali, MSc in Public Policy and Administration, London School of Economics
  73. Abderazzaq Noor, Masters in Media Studies and Communication, Monash University Melbourne,
  74. Abdullahi Abdisalan, BA Political Science, MA International Development Studies, Kampala International University and writer/humanitarian expert
  75. Kafia Yusuf, Policy Advisor, BA International Development, MA Public Policy and International Affairs, University of Ottawa
  76. Sumaya Abdulkadir Shoole, MA Candidate in History, Fatoni University and Founder of
  77. Ali Basha Farah, LLM Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa, University of Pretoria, Researcher in Academy of Peace and Development, Hargeisa
  78. Muna Ali, Masters Student in Interdisciplinary Studies, York University and Co-Founder and Managing Director of Gashanti Unity
  79. Idil Isse, BA in Political Science, Concordia University and incoming MA Student, Albert Ludwig University
  80. Sagal Abdulle, English and Linguistics, Nottingham Trent University, Co-Founder and Editor of Araweelo Abroad Magazine
  81. Hannah Wolff, BA City University of New York, Colin Powell Public Policy Fellowship, MSc LSE Health and Population
  82. Mahad Gelle, MBA in Financial Management from University of Mysore
  83. Abdinasir Hashi Jimale, Masters in International Law, International Islamic University of Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
  84. Hamdi Ali, MD Student, Windsor University School of Medicine
  85. Nasra Jimale, BA Psychology, Masters of Social Work Candidate, Minnesota State University
  86. Sadia Hassan, BA Candidate African and African American Studies, Dartmouth College
  87. Huda Yusuf, human rights activist and MSc in Chemistry, University of Victoria
  88. Abdulqadir Bashir Hussein, BSc Urban, Energy and Environmental Planning, School of Architecture, Design and Planning, Aalberg University Copenhagen
  89. Hoda Samater, MSW, RSW, Community Activist, Therapist, Begin to Heal Counselling Services
  90. Shiffo Farah, BA, BSW, Masters in Social Work, RSW, Faculty Advisor York University School of Social Work
  91. Marian Nur, Hons BSocSc in International Economics and Development, University of Ottawa
  92. Salaad Sh.Yusuf Caddow, student at Sakarya University Turkey, researcher and writer
  93. Batula Mohamed Mursal, BA Social Science and Linguistics, Jaamacada Ummada Mogadishu 1987 and human rights activist (Somalia)
  94. Muhammad Dirie Muhammad, BA Sociology and Armed Conflict Studies, University of Nairobi
  95. Muna Sheekh Maxamud, MSW, University of Toronto and blogger
  96. Ikram Jama, storyteller, community activist, co-founder of Sahan Literary Forum, Masters in Political Science, Carleton University
  97. Zakaria Abdulle, BA History, Political Science and Sociology, University of Toronto
  98. Jama Hagi-Yusuf, community organizer and student, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Waterloo
  99. Abdi Hersi, Masters of Public Policy Candidate, University of Toronto
  100. Fatima Hassan, Masters in Commercial Law, Best Dissertation in Economic and Commercial Law 2014, University of the West of England
  101. Diamond Abdulrahim, BA Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Cambridge
  102. Ahmed Mohamed Musa, social researcher and head of research department, Observatory of Conflict and Violence Prevention, University of Hargeisa
  103. Amal Dirie, MD Candidate, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  104. Abdirisak Mohamed Abdi, BA Economics & Political Science, Masters in Economic Policy and Planning, Hargeisa Somaliland
  105. Khalid Bashir, DePaul University
  106. Sumaya Ugas, student, International Development and African Studies, McGill University and columnist at Ezibota
  107. Zeinab Aidid, student, Anthropology and Equity Studies, University of Toronto
  108. Iman Mohamed, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service-Qatar
  109. Surer Qassim Mohamed, University of Western Ontario
  110. Abdirahman Aydarus Yussuf, student, Politics, Philosophy and Economics, University of Washington
  111. Huda Ismail, Brunel University (UK) Creator and collector of Xalwo Crafts
  112. Yasmin Yousof, undergraduate in Politics and Education, Brandeis University
  113. Mohamed Jamfa, Toronto community activist and organizer
  114. Shukri Harbi, BA English, BA Sociology, University of Utah
  115. Abdinasir Elmi, BA Sociology, Moi University
  116. Faiza Kanyare, BSc International Politics, Brunel University UK
  117. Saharla Musa, student, Paediatric Nursing, Middlesex University
  118. Dirir Abdullahi, student, Neurobiology and Chemistry, University of Washington
  119. Nimo Hussein Farah, 2014 Bush Fellow and Co-Founder of SALLI Arts, Independent Artist/Activist
  120. Samiya Abdi, Health Promotion Consultant, Public Health Ontario
  121. Marian Yusuf, MSc., Registered Dietitian and Public Health Nutrition Consultant
  122. Ahmed Busury, Biomedical Scientist/Specialist, Director of Public Health Agency of Jubaland State Somalia, MSc Cellular Pathology, University of Westminister
  123. Abdirahman Yousuf Mohamoud, Second Level Masters York University UK, Masters in Research and Development, Kampala University Uganda, BA Economics
  124. Anisa Ali Abdi Sabrie, graduate Masters of Business Administration, Specialty General Management, Asia e University, Malaysia
  125. Ayaan H Affan, Masters in Nursing and Postgraduate Family Nurse Practitioner, Winona State University
  126. Deeko O. Hassan, Pharm D. Candidate, University of Nebraska Medical Center
  127. Hanaansan Jasmin, Public Health and Infection Control Policy, Anglia Ruskin University, Public Health Practitioner at National Health Service (NHS)
  128. Fatuma Abdullahi, writer, digital publisher and founder, Warya Post
  129. Said Yussuf, founder, Somalia Online
  130. Zahra Jibril, BA Politics and International Relations, MA International Development Management University of Westminster. Co-Founder of Horizon Institute, Somaliland and Kenya
  131. Hamda Yusuf, BA International Studies, University of Washington-Seattle
  132. Mohamed Ali, Toronto artist, The Control Group Art Collective
  133. Magan Muhumed, spoken word artist, political and human rights activist
  134. Hali Farah, Corporate Talent Advisor, Aon
  135. Sadia Abdullahi, Senior Youth Outreach Worker, Boys and Girls Club Ottawa
  136. Mohamud Mumin, photographer and visual storyteller, Hundred Miles Pictures
  137. Kowthar Omar, photographer, education researcher and educator, Toronto District School Board
  138. Leyla Bile, Filmmaker
  139. Khadra Ali, Co-Founder and Executive Director of Gashanti Unity, Co-Creator and Co-Executive Producer of Refuge Productions
  140. Kinsi Abdulleh, visual artist, founder of NUMBI Arts and editor of literary arts magazine SCARF
  141. Riya Jama, artist and founder of Artivists of Somalia
  142. Huda Hassan, writer, University of Toronto
  143. Lali Mohamed, health equity provider and non-profit leader
  144. Edil Ayan, writer
  145. Abdi Osman, MFA documentary media, Ryerson University
  146. Saynab Mohamud, community activist, antiracist campaigner and co-founder of Hawa’s Haven
  147. Hibaq Gelle, community activist, Toronto
  148. Amran Ali, Co-Founder of Sahan Literary Forum and Community Activist
  149. Muna Mohamed, Health and Safety Advisor and Co-Founder of Idylcollective
  150. Khadija Ahmed, English teacher, BA International Development Studies, York University
  153. Somali Students’ Association, University of Toronto, Mississauga
  154. Adan Mohamed, Head, English Broadcasting Section, Somaliland National Television and BA (Hons) Journalism and Communication, Middlesex University London
  155. Ubax Cristina Ali Farah, writer
  156. Mahad Yusuf, Executive Director of Midaynta Community Services
  157. Kate Jama, Musician and Artist, BA Arts/Law (Gender, Diversity and Sexuality Studies), University of Latrobe/University of Sabanci (Melbourne, Istanbul)
  158. Abdi Roble, Documentary Photographer/Archivist, Founder of Somali Documentary Project
  159. Alas Ibrahim Ali, Mogadishu, Master of Arts in Development Studies, Kampala University




  1. Rinaldo Walcott, Director, Women and Gender Studies Institute, University of Toronto
  2. Allison Taylor, PhD Brandeis, sociocultural anthropologist
  3. Sean Hawkins, Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Toronto
  4. Antoinette Handley, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Toronto
  5. Rima Berns-McGown, Associate Director, Centre for the Comparative Study of Muslim Societies and Cultures, Simon Frasier University
  6. John Comaroff, Professor of African and African American Studies and Anthropology, Harvard University
  7. Jean Comaroff, Professor of African and African American Studies and Anthropology, Harvard University
  8. Laura Correa Ochoa, PhD Student in History, Harvard University
  9. John Gee, PhD Candidate in History, Harvard University
  10. Rita Nketiah, PhD Student in Women’s Studies, University of Western Ontario
  11. Tshweu Moleme, Political Science researcher, Munk School at the University of Toronto
  12. Rachel Thompson, PhD Candidate in Anthropology, Harvard University
  13. Juliane Okot Bitek, poet and PhD Candidate in Interdisciplinary Studies, Liu Institute for Global Issues, University of British Columbia
  14. Ryan Kelpin, MA Political Science at York University and Executive DIrector, Cities First
  15. Kelly-Mae Saville, Student Chair for Sociology and Policy, Aston University UK
  16. Tendisai Cromwell, writer and filmmaker
  17. Sakinah Hasib, student, University of Waterloo
  19. Binyavanga Wainaina, writer
  20. Melissa Finn, Lecturer in Political Science, Wilfrid Laurier University
  21. Erin MacLeod, PhD, Lecturer, University of West Indies, Mona Campus
  22. Jasmine Zine, Associate Professor of Sociology, Wilfrid Laurier University
  23. Elleni Centime Zeleke, Lecturer and PhD Candidate, Social and Political Thought, York University
  24. Amber Young, Graduate Student, Social Work, University of Calgary
  25. Harry Verhoeven, Assistant Professor at Georgetown University, Associate Member of Department of Politics and International Relations, Oxford University, Convener of Oxford China-Africa Network
  26. Yolande Bouka, PhD, Researcher, Institute of Security Studies Nairobi
  27. Bethlehem Seifu Belaineh, student, activist, community organizer and Racial Minority Senator, Brandeis University
  28. Rowa Mohamed, University of Western Ontario
  29. Tracian Meikle, PhD Candidate, Department of Geography, Planning, and International Development, University of Amsterdam
  30. Benjamin Dix, PhD Candidate in the Anthropology of Violence, Director of PositiveNegatives
  31. Kariima Ali, BSc Psychology, Goldsmiths University UK
  32. Netta Kornberg, Research Assistant, Faculty of Education, York University
  33. Juliane Hammer, Associate Professor, Department of Religions Studies, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
  34. Denise Spitzer, PhD, Canada Research Chair, University of Ottawa
  35. Caroline Elkins, Professor of African and African American Studies and History, Harvard University
  36. Monica Fagioli-Ndlovu, PhD Candidate in Anthropology, The New School for Social Research
  38. Mulugeta Hailemariam Zegeye, BA Addis Ababa University, MSc University of Glasgow, Former Member of Ethiopian Parliament (Chairman of Budget Committee) and Fmr Chairman of Ethiopian Athletics, African Languages Program, Harvard University
  39. Jamilla Davis, student in Anthropology and Educational Studies, Bates College
  40. Hawa Noor, writer, BA International Relations and African Studies, University of Toronto
  41. Jacqueline Russel, MA, Health Research Specialist, Toronto Public Health
  42. Sarah Kennedy Bates, PhD Candidate in History, Harvard University
  43. Alemayehu Weldemariam, former Professor at Suffolk University, graduate studies George Mason University
  44. Shirin Ramzanali Fazel, writer and member of the advisory board of Transnationalizing Modern Languages, University of Warwick
  45. Nakanyike Musisi, Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Toronto
  46. Yannick Marshall, poet, PhD Candidate, Middle East, South Asian, and African Studies, Columbia University
  47. James J.T. Roane, PhD Candidate in History, Columbia University
  48. Axelle Karera, PhD Candidate in Philosophy, Penn State University
  49. Tiffany Tsantsoulas, PhD Student in Philosophy, Penn State University
  50. Ricky Varghese, PhD, RSW, psychotherapist, art critic and writer, University of Toronto
  51. Kathy Kiloh, PhD, Instructor, OCAD University
  52. Vasuki Shanmuganathan, PhD Candidate in German and Women and Gender Studies, University of Toronto
  53. Ajamu Nangwaya, PhD, Instructor, Seneca College
  54. Rachael Hill, PhD Candidate in African History, Stanford University
  55. Lena Weber, MSc Candidate in Human Ecology, Lund University Sweden
  56. Bhakti Shringarpure, editor-in-chief Warscapes Magazine and Assistant Professor, University of Connecticut
  57. Hillina Seife, PhD Candidate in History, University of Michigan
  58. Natasha Issa Shivji, Lecturer, Department of History, University of Dodoma, Tanzaniaand PhD Candidate in History, New York University
  60. Natasha Obiri, blogger, BA History and Philosophy, University of Toronto
  61. Keguro Macharia, Independent Scholar, Nairobi
  62. Stephanie Belmer, PhD, Instructor, Vanier College
  63. Kay Kaufman Shelemay, G. Gordon Watts Professor of Music and Professor of African and African American Studies, Harvard University
  64. Alessandra Di Maio, Associate Professor, Department of Humanities, University of Palermo, Italy
  65. Efe Levent, National Chiao Tung University, PhD Institute of Applied Arts
  66. Andrew Pope, PhD Candidate, Harvard University
  67. Chambi Chachage, PhD Candidate, Harvard University
  69. Andreas Admasie, PhD Candidate, University of Basel
  70. Alula Eshete, MBA Candidate, Harvard Business School
  71. Molefi Kete Asante, Professor, Temple University
  72. Molefi Kete Asante Institute for Afrocentric Studies
  73. Afrocentricity International Inc.
  74. Maxi Schoeman, Professor and Head of Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa
  75. David McGraw Schuchman, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Worker, Minneapolis
  76. Michael Busch, Senior Editor of Warscapes Magazine, and Doctoral Candidate in Political Science, The Graduate Center, CUNY
  77. Aaron Bady, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Texas, Austin
  78. Alexandra Berceanu, MA Communications & Culture, Ryerson University
  79. Moyosore Arewa, student, Wilfred Laurier University and Opinion Editor, The Chord
  80. George Brooke-Smith, BSc Philosophy, Politics and Economics, University of York
  81. Sinthujan Varatharajah, PhD Candidate in Political Geography, University College London, University of London
  82. Meghan Healy-Clancy, PhD, Lecturer on Social Studies and on Women, Gender and Sexuality, Harvard University
  83. Jeremy Rich, PhD, Chair, Social Sciences Department, Maywood University
  84. Karen Larbi, BA Hons, Law and Social Anthropology, SOAS, University of London
  85. Azeezat Johnson, PhD Student in Geography, University of Sheffield UK
  86. Jill Kelly, History, Southern Methodist University
  87. Bilal Zenab Ahmed, PhD Student, SOAS, University of London
  88. Arman Osmany, MA Comparative Literature, King’s College London
  89. Jonathan Paul Katz, MSc Student in Migration Studies, University of Oxford
  90. Keren Weitzberg, PhD, Postdoctorate Researcher, Joseph H. Lauder School of Management and International Studies, Department of History, University of Pennsylvania

Haadii aad rabto in aad magacaaga ku darto liiskan, fadlan email usoo dir


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