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Examples of the Prophet's (pbuh) commentary on emancipation of slaves

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I am back my dear friends :)


Just wanted to share with you a couple of Sahih hadiths regarding the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) and his conduct in relation to the subject of emancipation of slaves. This is his Sunna which all Muslims are compelled to follow:


عن عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ أَنَّ رَجُلًا أَعْتَقَ سِتَّةً مَمْلُوكِينَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ غَيْرُهُمْ فَدَعَاهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَجَزَّأَهُمْ أَثْلَاثًا ثُمَّ أَقْرَعَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَأَعْتَقَ اثْنَيْنِ وَأَرَقَّ أَرْبَعَةً

مُسْلِمٌ وَالنَّسَائِيُّ وَأَبُو دَاوُد


Book 015, Number 4112:

'Imran b. Husain reported that a person who had no other property emancipated six slaves of his at the time of his death. Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) called for them and divided them into three sections, cast lots amongst them, and set two free and kept four in slavery; and he (the Holy Prophet) spoke severely of him.


The Prophet (pbuh) went out of his way to to keep four of the original six freed slaves in bondage when their owner had already emancipated them for the sake of Allah!


أخرج البخاري ومسلم في صحيحيهما عن كريب مولى ابن عباس أن ميمونة بنت الحارث رضي الله عنها أخبرته: أنها أعتقت وليدة ولم تستأذن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فلما كان يومها الذي يدور عليها فيه قالت: أشعرت يا رسول الله أني أعتقت وليدتي، قال أو فعلت؟ قالت: نعم، قال: أما إنك لو أعطيتها أخوالك كان أعظم لأجرك.


Volume 3, Book 47, Number 765:

Narrated Kurib:


the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas, that Maimuna bint Al-Harith told him that she manumitted a slave-girl without taking the permission of the Prophet. On the day when it was her turn to be with the Prophet, she said, "Do you know, O Allah's Apostle, that I have manumitted my slave-girl?" He said, "Have you really?" She replied in the affirmative. He said, "You would have got more reward if you had given her (i.e. the slave-girl) to one of your maternal uncles."


Here the Prophet (pbuh) tells off to one of his wives because she emancipated a slave-girl. He even goes on to say that she would have gotten more reward (than freeing the slave-girl) had she kept the girl in bondage and gifted her to her maternal uncles!!



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