Mario B

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  1. Currently with the attention being focused on the government in Mogadishu the situation in Puntland has faded into the background. This has suited Mr Farole as he continues to attempt to get even more money from the International Community whilst still advocating democratic elections for Puntland. Yet refusing to listen to the people of Puntland! So what is currently happening within Puntland that is so important to the advance of democracy? Well remembering that Mr Farole had a four year mandate from the people of Puntland, during which time he was to prepare for democratic elections, very little if anything has been done. Much has been spoken about the subject of free and fair elections yet in reality nothing has been done to take that any further forward. Instead Mr Farole has been trying to ensure that he and his family remain in power at the expense of the people of Puntland To do this he has changed the constitution to favour his position. Yet he is the first to object when those in Mogadishu change the Federal Constitution! How hypocritical can you get! By not having any registration of voters and so having no information on who is eligible to vote you increase the opportunity for a rigged election. By not having any means to identify voters you open the system to abuse and effectively remove the ‘one person one vote’ principle. Having neither means of registration nor identification means there is no control on the number of times one person can vote. Leading to the possibility of rigged elections. Having no designated voting constituencies how will people know or even get to see who is supposedly representing them in Parliament? Mr Farole has also taken further steps to ensure that people are denied a voice in their own country. The state media owned and controlled by the Farole family, Garowe Online along with Radio Garowe known also as Farole Online and Radio Farole. Any other media outlet in Puntland being coerced into following what the Farole family dictate, otherwise being closed. So no ‘free and fair’ media. Legal demonstrations against Faroles administration have been met with violence from Faroles private security, with live ammunition being used against women and children. There is no constitutional court to overview any elections to ensure fair and open proceedings. The Farole administration bending and breaking the law to suite their own purpose. So although declaring to be ‘progressing democracy’ Mr Farole seeks to get more financial support from the International Community to fund his own dictatorship at the expense of the people of Puntland. Mr Farole has no intention of holding democratic elections as he knows the people will vote against him and his family. Greed and corruption being his base for staying in power. Nor is Mr Faroles administration adverse to attacking respected members of Puntland society. Take the recent case of former President Mohamud Musse Hersi! Faroles Information Minister, Mr Mohamud Aydid, even blamed the former President of being responsible for Puntland soldiers deserting their post. The fact that the soldiers were demonstrating about not being paid by the Farole administration was not mentioned! Nor are the military the only ones owed money by the Farole administration, Police and other members of the civil service being in the same situation. Yet within the last week Mr Farole decries the Mogadishu government for not paying its own troops, “In Mogadishu, the Somali Federal Government troops receive payments from donor countries, while Puntland Government pays its own security forces,” President Farole said.”. By “its own security forces” it is believed this refers to his own private security. Who he needs to help him stay in power. The Information Minister, Mr Mohamud Aydid, also accused General Adde Musse of “rejecting the ongoing democratising process in Puntland”! Rather hypocritical considering that democracy is the last thing Mr Farole and his ‘hangers on’ want, as it would stop the flow of money directly to them. Where democracy would be beneficial to the people of Puntland it would not benefit Mr Farole and those who support him. The people of Puntland are well aware that currently elections under the ‘one person one vote’ democratic system are not viable under the Farole illegitimate administration. Therefore what has been proposed by the former President General Mohamud Musse Hersi and others has merit. Recently Adde Musse held a press conference in Qardo and stated that the clan based political system should stay in place. He opted for the parliament to dissolve by October 2013 and that clans should nominate the 66 members of parliament. This is seen as a means of removing the incumbent illegal Farole administration with a view of preparing the ground for truly democratic elections as promised but not delivered by Mr Farole during his four years as President. Mr Farole will no doubt resent anything that he can claim as being a return of any clan based political system. Yet is this not what he has at the moment with his ‘clan’ consisting of his immediate family and his group of ‘hangers on’. Money that should have gone to improving Puntland in general has been spent on his own image, a new Presidential Palace etc? Why not improve the airport at Bossaso and at the same time improve the port not to mention establish a ‘free port zone’. This would help with the economy of Puntland in general, encouraging foreign investment and also creating employment! But wait was this not proposed by former President Mohamud Musse Hersi and contracts approved prior to his leaving office? Yet once Mr Farole was in power this went no further!! Mr Farole may feel that people do not listen to him! Yet it is the people of Puntland to whom Mr Farole should be listening. By. Da’ud Omar
  2. ^ I agree. it takes two to tango.
  3. warsamaale;957437 wrote: I want xamar to be peaceful and prosperous sincerely, but the facts remain it will henceforth always be a single clan city sadly. I think you are using todays reality to paint the future, Xamar in 2 decades or less will be a majority non HAG/Unuka city as Somalis from all corners of the Somali lands come to make their fortune. Just imagine Mogadishu as a 8 Million metropolis and then you will know what I'm talking about. We just need to cut this petty clan animosity and false fault lines we keep erecting.
  4. warsamaale;957360 wrote: what is the use, its just benefiting one city and one clan. xamar is not the city people have in their minds. time to move on Don't let clan supremacists delude you. It's in the interest of all Somalis to bring peace to Xamar.
  5. The private waste-management company ITC receives thousands of tons of solid municipal waste each day. The waste is separated into recyclable materials (plastics, metals) and organic waste. The organic waste is processed in a fermentation plant, producing compost and methane, which is used to produce electricity in a 25-megawatt power plant. The electricity is returned to the city’s power grid, while the heat exhaust is piped to the facility’s greenhouses, which produce tomatoes, strawberries, and orchids. If we could transfer this technology to our major cities/towns i.e; Mogadishu, Hargeisa, Bosaso, Galkayo, Beledweyne... then it will be grand.
  6. Jeffrey Sachs 27, May 2013 NEW YORK – A recent visit to Turkey reminded me of its enormous economic successes during the last decade. The economy has grown rapidly, inequality is declining, and innovation is on the rise. Turkey’s achievements are all the more remarkable when one considers its neighborhood. Its neighbors to the west, Cyprus and Greece, are at the epicenter of the Euro-zone crisis. To the southeast is war-torn Syria, which has already disgorged almost 400,000 refugees into Turkey. To the east lie Iraq and Iran. And to the northeast lie Armenia and Georgia. If there is more complicated neighborhood in the world, it would be difficult to find it. Turkey has made remarkable strides in the midst of regional upheavals. After a sharp downturn in 1999-2001, the economy grew by 5% per year on average from 2002 to 2012. It has remained at peace, despite regional wars. Its banks avoided the boom-bust cycle of the past decade, having learned from the banking collapse in 2000-2001. Inequality has been falling. And the government has won three consecutive general elections, each time with a greater share of the popular vote. There is nothing flashy about Turkey’s rise, which has been based on fundamentals, rather than bubbles or resource discoveries. Indeed, Turkey lacks its neighbors’ oil and gas resources, but it compensates for this with the competitiveness of its industry and services. Tourism alone attracted more than 36 million visitors in 2012, making Turkey one of the world’s top destinations. Even a short stay in Ankara allows one to see these underlying strengths. The airport, highways, and other infrastructure are first class, and a high-speed intercity rail network links Ankara with other parts of the country. Much of the advanced engineering is homegrown. Turkish construction firms are internationally competitive and increasingly win bids throughout the Middle East and Africa. Turkey’s universities are rising as well. Ankara has become a hub of higher education, attracting students from Africa and Asia. Many top programs are in English, ensuring that Turkey will attract an increasing number of international students. And the country’s universities are increasingly spinning off high-tech companies in avionics, information technology, and advanced electronics, among other areas. To its credit, Turkey has begun to invest heavily in sustainable technologies. The country is rich in wind, geothermal, and other renewable energy, and will most likely become a global exporter of advanced green innovations. Waste-treatment facilities are not typically tourist attractions, but Ankara’s novel integrated urban waste-management system has rightly attracted global attention. Until a few years ago, the waste was dumped into a fetid, stinking, noxious landfill. Now, with cutting-edge technology, the landfill has been turned into a green zone. The private waste-management company ITC receives thousands of tons of solid municipal waste each day. The waste is separated into recyclable materials (plastics, metals) and organic waste. The organic waste is processed in a fermentation plant, producing compost and methane, which is used to produce electricity in a 25-megawatt power plant. The electricity is returned to the city’s power grid, while the heat exhaust is piped to the facility’s greenhouses, which produce tomatoes, strawberries, and orchids. Turkey’s diversified, innovative base of industry, construction, and services serves it well in a world in which market opportunities are shifting from the United States and Western Europe to Africa, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. Turkey has been deft in seizing these new opportunities, with exports increasingly headed south and east to the emerging economies, rather than west to high-income markets. This trend will continue, as Africa and Asia become robust markets for Turkey’s construction firms, information technology, and green innovations. So, how did Turkey do it? Most important, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his economics team, led by Deputy Prime Minister Ali Babacan, have stuck to basics and looked to the long term. Erdoğan came to power in 2003, after years of short-term instability and banking crises. The International Monetary Fund had been called in for an emergency rescue. Step by step, the Erdoğan-Babacan strategy was to rebuild the banking sector, get the budget under control, and invest heavily and consistently where it counts: infrastructure, education, health, and technology. Smart diplomacy has also helped. Turkey has remained a staunchly moderate voice in a region of extremes. It has kept an open door and balanced diplomacy (to the extent possible) with the major powers in its neighborhood. This has helped Turkey not only to maintain its own internal balance, but also to win markets and keep friends without the heavy baggage and risks of divisive geopolitics. No doubt, Turkey’s ability to continue on a rapid growth trajectory remains uncertain. Any combination of crises – the Euro-zone, Syria, Iraq, Iran, or world oil prices – could create instability. Another global financial crisis could disrupt short-term capital inflows. A dangerous neighborhood means inescapable risks, though Turkey has demonstrated a remarkable capacity during the last decade to surmount them. Moreover, the challenge of raising educational quality and attainment, especially of girls and women, remains a priority. Fortunately, the government has clearly acknowledged the education challenge and is pursuing it through school reforms, increased investments, and the introduction of new information technologies in the classroom. Turkey’s successes have deep roots in governmental capacity and its people’s skills, reflecting decades of investment and centuries of history dating back to Ottoman times. Other countries cannot simply copy these achievements; but they can still learn the main lesson that is too often forgotten in a world of “stimulus,” bubbles, and short-term thinking. Long-term growth stems from prudent monetary and fiscal policies, the political will to regulate banks, and a combination of bold public and private investments in infrastructure, skills, and cutting-edge technologies.
  7. Mario B


    warsamaale;956213 wrote: including south africa ??, the rainbow nation has a strong manufacturing base. Yep, including the 'mighty' BRICS member, South Africa.
  8. Folks, lets talk elections and participatory governance, so what do you think if local election were held in Mogadishu at the end of the year, is it practical/feasible? Damn, where is Oba when you need him? He could give his analysis on this matter.
  9. Mario B


    Vietnam exports more light manufacturing goods than the whole of sub-Saharan Africa.
  10. Vietnam exports more light manufacturing goods than the whole of sub-Saharan Africa. :eek::eek::eek:
  11. Homunculus;955979 wrote: A link would be great.
  12. Xaaji Xunjuf;956169 wrote: Mario Abtigis growing up with Amhara neftegnas, maybe changed the way he views Ethiopians. But his Kin who grew up with the Kikuyu's will support the Kenyans against the Somali HAG. I believe Abtiigiis is showing the way out, if you read the whole comment you will find it's rich with a world view ,that if we all adopted ,will save us as a people and end this self inflicted wound. P.s I didn't watch the Video cos I would like to preserve my fitra.
  13. Abtigiis;954564 wrote: Dear Oodweyne, Perhaps you should give that advice to Madoobe and those who champion a clan interest. Unlike you, I do not care about the political fortunes of men who share lineage with me, which is not to say I do not care about the welfare of my community. Like any other Somali or human being for that matter, the plight of a long-foot pains me, but not more than the pain I feel for a distressed Somalilander or Ethiopian or Ugandan. It is of no significiance, if Gabbal's clan, or my clan, or the "looters", or the myriad of other clans become governors and power-brokers in Kismaayo. As long as I can work there withour fear (should I ever need to work there), or invest, or swim in its shores, and as long as the people in that par of Somalia and the entire country enjoy peace and good governance, I am pleased. These petty things that bother you about clan pride and which clan is inherently politically superior to which is things that really doesn't come to my mind. I suppose our different experiences and upbringings could account for this variance of priorities. As you know by now, I grew up with Amhara's and grew up being called a Somali. That identity suffices for me. I do not want to wear denominations of it . But I also know I do not escape scrutiny and labels because I say so. Every political statement one makes is bound to displease someone in this insanely polarized society. So, when my political opinions coincide with the positions of my lineage, I get names. When they don't, I am a patriot. This is the rule of the game of political commentary in Somalia. I can't change it. This is deep, this is the template for anyone who wants Somalinimo and wants to figure out what it entails.
  14. Baashi;955986 wrote: And he could count me in his camp if he could show us the methodology he uses to decide what renders IGAD members and their AMISOM soldiers an enemy of the state Is it a nilly willy khilaawo or there is metheod to the madness Don't you think it's the Presidents prerogative to push back if any states contributing troops to AMISOM, strayed from their remit and ventured in areas they have no business in?
  15. While the naysayers and the pseudo-federalist are crying foul, my man Chimera is showing the way out.:D
  16. A cursory review of the Constitution, the Financial Institution Law No. 130 of 22 April, 2012 and the Central Bank of Somalia Act 2011 suggests that both laws could benefit from a review in light of the requirements of the new constitution of Somalia. The challenge of reconstituting Somalia's monetary system is immense, and the new Governor needs all the support he can get. First the president, the government, and the parliament should give the new Governor all the tools and resources he needs to do his job. Second, the Governor alone cannot and is not supposed to do this job. He is expected to have the support of expert Board. The President and the Prime Minister should appoint a Deputy Governor and five other members of the Board of the CBS on qualification and experience alone and nothing else. The job of the CBS is too important to subject the appointment of its board and its senior officials to the political and tribal horse trading. In other words, the 4.5 formula which is generally used to distribute political offices and parliamentary seats has no place in these highly sensitive positions. My prayers and well wishes are with the new Governor and we should all wish him the necessary wisdom and courage to do this tough job. The author is currently a program manager and a former senior economist in the Canadian public service and a part-time professor of Economics. You can contact the author directly at or read his new blog posts
  17. The New Governor of Central Bank of Somalia’s Nearly Impossible Mission by Abdulqafar Abdullahi Friday, March 01, 2013 On January 16, 2013, the new President of Somalia appointed Mr Abdisalam Omer as the Governor of the Central Bank of Somalia (CBS) of the first permanent government of Somalia since 1991. From what I read, Mr. Omer is a highly qualified individual with the necessary experience and qualifications to do this job. May be I am biased, but anyone with a PhD. in Economics is in my good books. The task that is in front of him appears daunting and nearly impossible in the short run. It is to his credit that he agreed to accept this position and is a testament to his sense of duty to his birth nation and may be to his sense of adventure or courage. Reconstituting a reasonable monetary system where none exists may be a challenge that is too big for one person no matter how good he may be unless the President and the government give him the freedom and support he needs to do what he must. This article will focus on the challenges the new Governor is going to face in order to fulfill his obligations. The office of the Governor of the Central Bank of Somalia is a constitutional office with specific constitutional mandate and responsibilities. Article 123 (3) of the new Constitution assigns the CBS to the following primary functions: produce currency, control inflation, stabilize exchange rates and establish a sound banking system. In addition, the Constitution states that the CBS has full authority to execute the monetary policy of the nation. Implicit in this statement is that the CBS is expected to do its job without political interference. This assurance provides the CBS the independence it needs to do discharge its functions based on what is best for the economic health of the nation. The CBS’s role and responsibilities are clarified and defined by the Central Bank of Somalia Act, 2011. As the new Governor assumes his position, the only function the CBS can implement quickly is the production of a currency but this also comes with its own bit falls and may not necessarily be his top priority at this time. The normal central bank levers to control inflation are non-existent or limited. Stabilization of exchange rates is going to be hard unless the CBS wants to adopt fixed or floating exchange rate regime instead of a flexible exchange rate regime where exchange rates are determined by the market forces. Establish a sound banking system: The first and most important task of the CBS and its new Governor is establishing a sound banking system before he worries about inflation, exchange rate and currency production. However, this may not be as challenging as it seems. The CBS has the authority it needs to regulate and license banks under the Financial Institution Law No. 130 of 22 April, 2012 enacted by the previous transitional federal government. This challenge is made relatively easier by the fact that there are already quassi-banks in existence that provide some of the services that traditional banks do. The money transfer companies have the financial resources and branches or representatives in every region, town, and village. The first step will be to convert these money transfer companies to banks if their owners so wish and meet requirements under the law. There is also pent-up demand from Somali Diaspora and local entrepreneurs to create banks in collaboration with foreign banks. Produce currency: It is good that the authority to produce the national currency in going to be in the hands of the CBS and not the politicians or other government officials. Assuming a total control over the national currency is not as easy it seems, then, of course nothing is easy in Somalia. Somalis use different currencies including the US dollar as means of exchange, but Somali currency is also widely accepted. The country is flash with money printed by various warlords and transitional governments along the way. There is probably more post 1990 currency in circulation than there is currency produced legitimately by the CBS. It amazes me that people still accept Somali currency as means of exchange knowing full well that the money they are accepting in exchange for their goods and service may in fact have been printed by a warlord and is not backed by any legitimate authority. The faith in the Somali shilling currently in circulation is based on the expectation that others will accept it and if or when the CBS produces a new currency it will honor the Somali currencies produced since 1990. This expectation complicates the task of the new central bank and limits its options. A more serious challenge politically is how to deal with new currency created and printed by the semi-autonomous region of Somaliland. The first challenge is to figure out what to do with the money already in circulation in this region and the second is the moral hazard it will create. Once the CBS announces that it will accept all currencies in circulation including the Somaliland Shilling at face value may lead the Somaliland government and others to release more of the currency in their possession in to the market prior or during the currency conversion period which may take number of years to complete. It is a political challenge that will require solution beyond the control of the technocrats running the central bank. Stabilization of exchange rates: Before the stabilization of exchange rates can be undertaken, the government in consultation with the CBS has to decide what exchange rate system to adopt. Fixed or managed floating exchange rate will be the easiest to stabilize. In both cases, the authorities will establish a fixed exchange rate or acceptable range and then the CBS has to defend it. In other words, the bank will sell or buy foreign currency to maintain a predetermined exchange rate or band. For that, the CBS needs huge foreign currency reserves which neither the bank nor the government of Somalia has. It will also make the inflation control even more challenging since the purchase of a large amount of foreign currency will require supply of large quantities of the national currency to the market thereby increasing the inflation. The only viable option is to have flexible exchange rate system and to intervene in the exchange rate market to smoothen expected fluctuations with occasional sell or purchase of foreign currencies. The bank's moderate stabilization actions may be able to keep the exchange rate within an acceptable range unless there are external forces. This may be sufficient to meet the constitutionally assigned function of stabilizing exchange rates. Inflation control: In order for any central bank to control inflation it must be able to exert appropriate control over the nation’s money supply. To properly exercise this control, the CBS needs a functioning financial sector. Currency is normally a small fraction of a country’s money supply and deposits in the commercial banks play a much larger role in a country’s money supply than the currency in circulation do. In order to control inflation, central banks have two basic levers in addition to direct regulation of the banking system: a) open market operations where the CBS buys bonds to increase the money supply or sells bonds to reduce money supply b) Bank rate where the bank varies the interest it charges to banks for borrowing from it. Unfortunately, there is no bond market and no banks in Somalia. Even if both were available options, the purchase and sell of interest bearing bonds and charging interest rate to banks to borrow from CBS, would have to meet the constitutional test. Remember that the new Somalia constitution clearly states that Islam is the state religion and no law which is not compliant with the general principles of Shari’ah can be enacted. Of course, if these widely used tools around the world are found not to meet the constitutional test, then one day Shari’ah compliant bonds could be created and fees charged to banks for borrowing from the CBS can be structured to meet this constitutional requirement. This means in the short run, the CBS has no tools to control inflation at least until such time that there is a functioning banking system. Once the financial system of the nation is reconstituted, then the CBS could require banks to keep certain level of idle reserves of money to reduce money in circulation to affect the money supply.
  18. A currency issued in the name of a central bank that no longer exists You will find that is no longer the case. The central bank is up and running.
  19. ^^ Don't you think it's good time to start printing money? For every Million Dollar that the government receives it can print equivalent amount in Somali Shilling. This will curb the appreciation of Somali Shilling, helping families who rely on remittance to have a better purchasing power.
  20. Oodweyne;955761 wrote: Dammed squib really. In other words, it looks like he punted in here. Or at the very least the "roaring loin" his cheerleaders have promised us that we will see, turned out to be "scared mouse" running from one legal complain to other without willing to "draw" a line in the sand of where he stands. All in all, I seemed to have been taking in by the endless bravado and the nerve-inducing bluster of his political supporters in here in London who said to us that their leader Farole have had enough of Hassan Sheikh's political shenanigans and he will draw the line in the sand, constitutionally. Oodweyne, stop with your incitement, President Faroole is the founding father of the Federal Republic, he's unlikely to walk away from his baby.
  21. MoonLight1;955769 wrote: errrrr, are you nuts Mario,The president is busy on Jubbaland, he eats, drinks, and sleeps on Jubbaland, his HAG and MUG energy is consumed by Jubbaland, he sends ministers left and right to disturb Jubbaland, all problems of the republic has been diagnosed as Jubbaland. :D:D I think it's time he made a visit himself. There is so much a 'third party/messengers' can do for you. He needs to go and sell his vision to his political foe, Mr Madoobe.
  22. MashaAllah, this is just beautiful.