Lower Juba Province (Jubbada Hoose) is an important administrative region of Somali Republic. It is one of the eighteen administrative regions of Somalia. Lower Juba consists of five districts (Afmadow, Xagar, Badhaadhe, Jamaame and Bajuni islands). Kismayo is the seat of the provincial government. It is also the commercial capital of the region.
Kismayo used to be one of the most developed urban centers of the country. It was known for its diversity (i.e. ethnic minorities such as Bajunis, Jareer-Weyn, Arabs, Persians, Indians, and Italians). It had a mature tourism industry. It’s signature Waamo hotel used to sport a zoo with elephants, leopards, lions, etc.). Its natural beaches - Liido and Calanleey -- were tailored for both local and tourist use.
Lower Juba was also the second most productive region of the republic in terms of agricultural output – only second to great province of Lower Shabelle. Lower Jubba region exported livestock, canned meat, banana and mango. It also produced rice in Mugambo fields managed by the Chinese – between Kamsuma and Jilib). Mareerey sugar canes used to be under Lower Jubba before Barre Administration redistricting move to appease his MOD clan base and ceded to the newly created Middle Jubba. Lower Jubba lost one of the most prized district of the nation Jilib district in eighties redistricting effort (managed by the socialist party powered by presidential decree).
The city didn’t produce generals and known politicians but it had great sport teams. It won majority of the national football tournaments (actually Lower Jubba won more national tournament than all of other Somali provinces combined). Lower Jubba’s women basketball team was also strong and only second to Benadir women’s team.
Today Kismayo is a disputed city. There are scores of clans and sub clans vying for control of the strategic port of the city.
I’ve searched the history of the city. Mighty Google search returned several links Wikipedia being one of them. I guess Wikipedia (imperfect as it is) is starting point for those who want to know the facts of the city http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kismayo. Lewis and et al could also shed light on demographics of the area and who resides where. Irrespective of the clan squabbles the region has the capacity to accommodate tens of millions (folks with the right skill and temperament).
Injustice, outright looting and marginalization will begot resentment and backlash. I know all other stakeholders can fend for themselves. However, minorities such as Bajunis, Jareer-Weyn and other Somali-Arabs, Persians, and Indians will be victims of dispossession, looting and marginalization. Who is going to look out for them?